1070-4272/01/7405-0900$25.00C2000 MAIK [Nauka/Interperiodica]
Russian Journal of Applied Chemistry, Vol. 74, No. 5, 2001, p. 900. Translated from Zhurnal Prikladnoi Khimii, Vol. 74, No. 5,
2001, p. 872.
Original Russian Text Copyright + 2001 by Morachevskii.
Denisov, V.M., Belousova, N.V., Moiseev, G.K., Bakhvalov, S.G.,
Istomin, S.A., and Pastukhov, E.A., Vismutsoderzhashchie
materialy: stroenie i fiziko-khimicheskie svoistva (Bismuth-
Containing Materials: Structure and Physicochemical Properties),
Yekaterinburg: Ural’sk. Otd. Ross. Akad. Nauk, 2000
This original monograph analyzing and generaliz-
ing experimental data on the structure and properties
of metallic and oxide bismuth-containing materials in
liquid and crystalline states has been published by the
initiative of the Institute of Metallurgy, Ural Division,
Russian Academy of Sciences, with participation of
a number of leading staff members of the institute.
The book gives much attention to the structure and
properties of liquid bismuth alloys and also considers
bismuth-containing oxide systems.
The monograph comprises an introduction and six
chapters. The comprehensive and informative bibliog-
raphy of the book gives references to 769 works.
The brief introduction (pp. 336) substantiates the
expediency and utility of generalizing the information
about the structure and physicochemical properties of
bismuth-containing materials and indicates fields of
The first chapter (pp. 7378) considers the structure
of bismuth-based melts. In fact, investigations of liq-
uid metallic bismuth alloys by means of diffraction
experiments are dealt with in the chapter and the
results obtained are interpreted. Atomic radial distri-
bution functions, structural factors, and the relation-
ship between the structural features of melts and their
physicochemical properties are analyzed.
The second chapter (pp. 793177) describes the ther-
modynamic properties of bismuth alloys. The analysis
is made rather thoroughly with sufficiently complete
coverage of the relevant literature, with emphasis
placed on works of Russian authors. Some publica-
tions in foreign journals remained unnoticed by the
authors, which is not surprising in view of the extent
to which libraries are presently provided with foreign
The third chapter (pp. 1783228) discusses the sur-
face and bulk properties of liquid bismuth alloys.
Theoretical questions arising in calculating and analyt-
ically expressing the surface tension isotherms of
binary alloys are considered and ample body of refer-
ence data for both metallic and oxide systems is
provided. Wetting phenomena are discussed.
The spacious fourth chapter (pp. 2513381) is
mainly concerned with the electrical properties (elec-
trical conductivity, charge transport, thermoelectric
power, electron work function) of bismuth-containing
systems. Also given are data on the speed of sound,
viscosity, and diffusion.
The fifth chapter (pp. 3813416) is concerned with
oxidation of bismuth-based liquid alloys.
The final, sixth chapter (pp. 4173 483) makes a
thermodynamic analysis of the bismuth3oxygen sys-
tem and considers bismuth oxides and their thermo-
chemical characteristics. The systems SrO3Bi
In assessing the monograph as a whole, mention
should be made of the high value of the work done by
the authors in systematization of published data on the
physicochemical properties of metallic and oxide
bismuth-containing systems. However, no impression
is created that the joint consideration of such dissimi-
lar objects as metallic and oxide systems offers some
advantages. It seems that, if the monograph were
divided, with its total volume preserved, into two
parts concerned separately with metallic and oxide
systems, the book would be simpler in use and more
logically consistent. In the first five chapters, the data
on oxide systems [dissolve] in a vaster information
concerning metallic systems. And only the sixth
chapter, dealing exclusively with oxides and oxide
systems, occupies a particular position.
The book is of interest to a wide audience of spe-
cialists in inorganic materials science and can serve
as reference for masters and post-graduate students
specialized in chemical technology and metallurgy.
A. G. Morachevskii