Russian Journal of Applied Chemistry, Vol. 76, No. 1, 2003, p. 163. Translated from Zhurnal Prikladnoi Khimii, Vol. 76, No. 1, 2003, p. 169. Original Russian Text Copyright C 2003 by Morachevskii. BOOK ˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝ ˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝ REVIEWS Blinov, L.N., Khimiko-ekologicheskii slovar’-spravochnik (Chemical-Ecological Dictionary-Reference Book) St. Petersburg: Lan’, 2002, 272 pp. In recent decades, such disciplines as ecology, safe The book written by L.N. Blinov, a known spe- mode of life, ecological chemistry, and chemistry of cialist, professor of St. Petersburg State Polytechnic the environment have appeared in the curricula of sec- University, can well be used as additional textbook of ondary- and higher-school institutions. The increasing chemistry in a wide variety of educational institutions. attention is given to preservation in quite a number of It seems advisable to enhance, in subsequent editions other general and special courses. In this connection, of the book, its ecological component by including numerous special terms have appeared, not used wide- entries concerning the pollution of the environment ly previously. The chemical-ecological dictionary- with heavy metals, and mercury in the first place, reference book under discussion is the first publication evidence about radiation accidents that have occurred of this kind, which is intended to serve to a wide in Russia and their consequences. Such compounds as audience of readers, and schoolchildren and junior tetraethyllead, fluorochloromethanes, and dioxins students in the first place. The book, written in well- deserve separate consideration. It would be well to understandable manner, presents interpretation of characterize potassium superoxide, the most important about 1400 various terms of generally chemical and component of formulations serving to evolve oxygen ecological nature. and absorb carbon dioxide in self-contained objects. When considering metals, it would be appropriate to The first edition of the reference book, considered specify the amount of their production in Russia and, here, proves to be much more [chemical] than [eco- in some cases, place emphasis on the environmental logical,] despite the apparent conventionality of such problems associated with their manufacture. This, in a distinction. No more than 8310% of the total num- ber of entries are devoted, according to our estimate, particular, refers to aluminum, whose manufacture to ecological terms proper. Sufficiently detailed evi- inflicts severe damage on the environment, is accom- dence is given about all elements of the periodic table, panied by discharge of fluoride compounds, and pos- much attention is given to the terminology used to sibly leads to formation of benzopyrene in anode mass describe the chemical bond (atomic and molecular baking. orbitals, bonding molecular orbital, metal3metal bond, Blinov has demonstrated a rather valuable initia- chemical bond), to issues concerning the nomencla- tive, which deserves any kind of support. ture of chemical compounds (systematic nomenclature of anions, cations, acids, acid and basic salts, bases, oxides, organic compounds). A. G. Morachevskii 1070-4272/03/7601-0163$25.00 C 2003 MAIK [Nauka/Interperiodica]
Russian Journal of Applied Chemistry – Springer Journals
Published: Oct 4, 2004
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