Resumption of DNA Synthesis and Cell Division in Wheat Roots as Related to Lateral Root Initiation

Resumption of DNA Synthesis and Cell Division in Wheat Roots as Related to Lateral Root Initiation The arrest of DNA synthesis and termination of cell division in basal meristematic cells as well as the resumption of these processes as related to the initiation of lateral root primordia (LRP) were studied in tissues of Triticum aestivumroots incubated with 3H-thymidine. All cells of the stelar parenchyma and cortex as well as most endodermal and pericycle cells left the mitotic cycle and ceased proliferative activity at the basal end of the meristem and at the beginning of the elongation zone. Some endodermal and pericycle cells started DNA synthesis in the basal part of the meristem and completed it later on during their elongation, but they did not divide. In the cells of these tissues, DNA synthesis resumed above the elongation zone, the cells being located much closer to the root tip than the first newly dividing cells. Thus, the initiation of LRP started much closer to the root tip than it was previously believed judging from the distance of the first dividing pericycle cells from the root tip. DNA synthesizing and dividing cells first appeared in the stelar parenchyma, then, in the pericycle, and later, in the endodermis and cortex. It seems likely that a release from the inhibition of DNA synthesis allows the cells that completed mitotic cycle in the basal part of meristem in the G1phase to cease the proliferative arrest above the elongation zone and to continue their cycling. The location of the first DNA synthesizing and dividing cells in the stelar parenchyma and pericycle did not strictly correspond to the LRP initiation sites and proximity to the xylem or phloem poles. This indicates that LRP initiation results from the resumption of DNA synthesis in all pericycle and stelar parenchyma cells that retained the ability to synthesize DNA and occurs only in the pericycle sector situated between the two tracheal protoxylem strands, all cells of which terminated their mitotic cycles in the G1phase. Russian Journal of Plant Physiology Springer Journals

Resumption of DNA Synthesis and Cell Division in Wheat Roots as Related to Lateral Root Initiation

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Kluwer Academic Publishers-Plenum Publishers
Copyright © 2001 by MAIK “Nauka/Interperiodica”
Life Sciences; Plant Sciences
Publisher site
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