The aim of this study was to investigate the long-term cosmetic and oncologic results following early curettage of giant congenital melanocytic nevi (GCMN). Neonates with GCMN treated with curettage within 4 weeks of age and with a minimum follow-up of 2 years were evaluated at the outpatient department. Scar formation was evaluated by means of the patient and observer scar assessment scale (POSAS). Biopsy specimens were analysed. In 9 years, eight neonates were treated. The mean follow-up period was 5.6 years. Six (75%) patients developed re-pigmentation of the curetted skin, hypertrichosis returned in five cases. One patient developed hypertrophic scars, all others formed good scars. None of the patients developed a melanoma. Biopsy specimens showed nevus cells in the skin after curettage. In 50% of the patients curettage is followed by severe re-pigmentation. Since this treatment does not remove all nevus cells, long-term follow-up is essential to detect malignant transformation.
European Journal of Plastic Surgery – Springer Journals
Published: Mar 1, 2008
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