The dynamics of cell growth and proliferation restoration in different tissues and quiescent center (QC) in the wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) seedling roots and also the differentiation of rhizodermal cells and lateral root initiation after 48-h treatment with 100 μM NiSO4 were studied. Within 24 h after nickel removal from medium, root growth was resumed due to the increase in the rate of cell growth in the meristem and the region where cell elongation started in control roots. Stimulation of cell proliferation was restored in the main part of the meristem and later in the initial cells of the files and QC. Cell proliferation was not observed in the QC. The time of cell proliferation resumption in the roots and in tested tissues depended on the degree of their injury by nickel treatment. In most tested roots, DNA synthesis and cell division were restored in 32 h. In the cells leaving the meristem due to the resumption of their growth and proliferation, growth of root hairs started. In 48 h, the number of roots with perished cells in the rhizodermis in the meristem was sharply increased and the regeneration of the damaged region by the cells of outer cortex was observed. Only after the appearance of root hairs, the cells coming from the meristem started to elongate. In most roots, the formation of the new elongation zone occurred in 56 h. During its formation, the initiation of lateral root primordia was shifted in the basipetal direction. It was concluded that the cessation of cell growth and proliferation under the influence of high concentration of heavy metal (HM) ions is not lethal for the root. At the action of toxic HM concentrations, the plant strategy is the maintenance of meristematic cell capacity for cell growth and proliferation resumption. The cellular mechanism of this capacity maintenance is the transition of meristematic cells from G1 phase to dormancy due to growth inhibition and the inhibition of the transition to DNA synthesis.
Russian Journal of Plant Physiology – Springer Journals
Published: Aug 14, 2013
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