We studied the effects of different combinations of temperature (5, 10, 14, 17, 20, and 22°C) and salinity (from 32 to 8‰) on the development of the starfish Asterias amurensis Lutken from Vostok Bay, Sea of Japan. Embryonic development is the most vulnerable stage; it passes successfully at 10–17°C and the salinity range of 32 to 26‰. Blastulae are the most tolerant of changing environmental factors. They survive and develop at the temperatures of 5–17°C and in the salinity range of 32–18‰. Gastrulae and bipinnariae survive under higher temperature values and salinity from 32 to 20‰. The tolerance for decreased salinity during the process of fertilization and in the latest stage of development, the brachiolaria with the developing juvenile starfish, was confined to the salinity range of 32–22‰, which agrees with the tolerance of adult starfish Asterias amurensis. Thus, for normal development of the Amur starfish in the early stages, some particular conditions of temperature and salinity are required. This is, probably, due to adaptive capabilities of each developmental stage and the peculiarities of the ecological conditions at particular depths.
Russian Journal of Marine Biology – Springer Journals
Published: Nov 14, 2005
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