The rates of CO2 fixation and respiratory CO2 fluxes in six C3 species, namely Solanum tuberosum, Nicotiana tabacum, Arabidopsis thaliana, Hordeum vulgare, Triticum aestivum, and Secale cereale, were determined under steady-state photosynthesis. The plants may be divided into two groups: (a) cereals with a low rate of starch synthesis (7–5% of true photosynthesis); (b) plants with a high rate of starch synthesis (45–35% of true photosynthesis). In the light, primary and stored photosynthates are consumed as substrates for both respiratory and photorespiratory pathways. In leaves of cereals, the total rate of respiratory and photorespiratory decarboxylations of stored photosynthates was higher in the light than in the dark, while, in starch-synthesizing species, stored photosynthates were consumed at a higher rate in the dark. Under normal environmental conditions, respiratory decarboxylation of stored photosynthates was suppressed by light in all species studied. The total rate of respiration as the sum of decarboxylation of stored and primary photosynthates was not affected by light in cereals, but suppressed in starch-accumulating plants. This suppression was not compensated for by the additional supply of respiratory substrates from primary photosynthates in the light.
Russian Journal of Plant Physiology – Springer Journals
Published: Oct 13, 2004
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