The maize transposons Activator (Ac) and Dissociation (Ds) are active in many monocots and dicots, including Arabidopsis. We describe a new Ac-derived transposon construct, designated the Ds-loxP T-DNA, which can be used for both insertional and deletional mutagenesis. There are loxP sites in both orientations on both the transposon and the donor site T-DNA and an arrangement of marker genes that permits selection of transposition events, as well as deletions and inversions extending from the donor site to a transposon reinserted on either side of it. We show that Cre-mediated deletions and inversions occur at a high frequency. The tendency of Ac-Ds transposons to reinsert near the donor site can be used to target both insertional and deletional mutagenesis, but efficient exploitation of this property requires a library of mapped marked donor sites distributed in the genome. We have created a population of independent Ds T-DNA transformants and we have mapped an initial set of 75 Ds T-DNA integration sites. We assessed the potential efficiency of targeted mutagenesis by detecting Ds reinsertion events at several loci over a 400 kb interval from each of two donor sites with different Ds T-DNA constructs. The distribution of reinsertion sites is similar around the two tested loci, with roughly 10, 4, and ca. 1% of reinsertions detected within 1–2 kb of sites 10, 100, and 200–400 kb from the donor site, respectively. To facilitate the use of this targeted mutagenesis system, we have constructed a searchable database of the mapped Ds T-DNA integration sites.
Plant Molecular Biology – Springer Journals
Published: Oct 7, 2004
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