Resistivity of Red Blood Cells Against High-Intensity, Short-Duration Electric Field Pulses Induced by Chelating Agents

Resistivity of Red Blood Cells Against High-Intensity, Short-Duration Electric Field Pulses... The interaction of human red blood cells (RBCs) with diethylenetriamine-pentaacetic acid (DTPA) or its Gd-complex (Magnevist, a widely used clinical magnetic resonance contrast agent containing free DTPA ligands) led to the following, obviously interrelated phenomena. (i) Both compounds protected erythrocytes against electrohemolysis in isotonic solutions caused by a high-intensity DC electric field pulse. (ii) The inhibition of electrohemolysis was observed only when cells were electropulsed in low-conductivity solutions. (iii) The uptake of Gd-DTPA by electropulsed RBCs was relatively low. (iv) (Gd-) DTPA reduced markedly deformability of erythrocytes, as revealed by the electrodeformation experiments using high-frequency electric fields. Taken together, the results indicate that (Gd-) DTPA produce stiffer erythrocytes that are more resistant to electric field exposure. The observed effects of the chelating agents on the mechanical properties and the electropermeabilization of RBCs must have an origin in molecular changes of the bilayer or membrane-coupled cytoskeleton, which, in turn, appear to result from an alteration of the ionic equilibrium (e.g., Ca2+ sequestration) in the vicinity of the cell membrane. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png The Journal of Membrane Biology Springer Journals

Resistivity of Red Blood Cells Against High-Intensity, Short-Duration Electric Field Pulses Induced by Chelating Agents

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Publisher
Springer-Verlag
Copyright
Copyright © Inc. by 1999 Springer-Verlag New York
Subject
Life Sciences; Biochemistry, general; Human Physiology
ISSN
0022-2631
eISSN
1432-1424
D.O.I.
10.1007/s002329900542
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

The interaction of human red blood cells (RBCs) with diethylenetriamine-pentaacetic acid (DTPA) or its Gd-complex (Magnevist, a widely used clinical magnetic resonance contrast agent containing free DTPA ligands) led to the following, obviously interrelated phenomena. (i) Both compounds protected erythrocytes against electrohemolysis in isotonic solutions caused by a high-intensity DC electric field pulse. (ii) The inhibition of electrohemolysis was observed only when cells were electropulsed in low-conductivity solutions. (iii) The uptake of Gd-DTPA by electropulsed RBCs was relatively low. (iv) (Gd-) DTPA reduced markedly deformability of erythrocytes, as revealed by the electrodeformation experiments using high-frequency electric fields. Taken together, the results indicate that (Gd-) DTPA produce stiffer erythrocytes that are more resistant to electric field exposure. The observed effects of the chelating agents on the mechanical properties and the electropermeabilization of RBCs must have an origin in molecular changes of the bilayer or membrane-coupled cytoskeleton, which, in turn, appear to result from an alteration of the ionic equilibrium (e.g., Ca2+ sequestration) in the vicinity of the cell membrane.

Journal

The Journal of Membrane BiologySpringer Journals

Published: Jul 15, 1999

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