Resistance to neomycin ototoxicity in the extreme basal (hook) region of the mouse cochlea

Resistance to neomycin ototoxicity in the extreme basal (hook) region of the mouse cochlea Aminoglycoside ototoxicity results in permanent loss of the sensory hair cells in the mammalian cochlea. It usually begins at the basal turn causing high-frequency hearing loss. Here we describe previously unreported resistance of hair cells to neomycin ototoxicity in the extreme basal (hook) region of the developing cochlea of the C57BL/6 mouse. Organ of Corti explants from mice at postnatal day 3 were incubated (37 °C, 5% C O ) in normal culture medium for 19.5 h prior to and after exposure to neomycin (1 mM, 3 h). To study neomycin uptake in the hair cells, cochlear explants were incubated with Neomycin Texas-red (NTR) conjugate. As expected, exposure to neomycin significantly reduced the survival of inner (IHC) and outer hair cells (OHC). IHC survival rate was high in the apical segment and low in the basal segment. OHC were well preserved in the apical and hook regions, with substantial OHC loss in the basal segment. The NTR uptake study demon- strated that the high survival rate in the extreme basal turn OHC was associated with low NTR uptake. Treatment with a calcium chelator (BAPTA), which disrupts the opening of mechanoelectrical (MET) transduction channels, abolished or reduced NTR uptake in the hair cells throughout http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Histochemistry and Cell Biology Springer Journals

Resistance to neomycin ototoxicity in the extreme basal (hook) region of the mouse cochlea

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Publisher
Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Copyright
Copyright © 2018 by Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature
Subject
Biomedicine; Biomedicine, general; Cell Biology; Biochemistry, general; Developmental Biology
ISSN
0948-6143
eISSN
1432-119X
D.O.I.
10.1007/s00418-018-1683-8
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Aminoglycoside ototoxicity results in permanent loss of the sensory hair cells in the mammalian cochlea. It usually begins at the basal turn causing high-frequency hearing loss. Here we describe previously unreported resistance of hair cells to neomycin ototoxicity in the extreme basal (hook) region of the developing cochlea of the C57BL/6 mouse. Organ of Corti explants from mice at postnatal day 3 were incubated (37 °C, 5% C O ) in normal culture medium for 19.5 h prior to and after exposure to neomycin (1 mM, 3 h). To study neomycin uptake in the hair cells, cochlear explants were incubated with Neomycin Texas-red (NTR) conjugate. As expected, exposure to neomycin significantly reduced the survival of inner (IHC) and outer hair cells (OHC). IHC survival rate was high in the apical segment and low in the basal segment. OHC were well preserved in the apical and hook regions, with substantial OHC loss in the basal segment. The NTR uptake study demon- strated that the high survival rate in the extreme basal turn OHC was associated with low NTR uptake. Treatment with a calcium chelator (BAPTA), which disrupts the opening of mechanoelectrical (MET) transduction channels, abolished or reduced NTR uptake in the hair cells throughout

Journal

Histochemistry and Cell BiologySpringer Journals

Published: Jun 4, 2018

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