Transient receptor potential melastatin 2 (TRPM2) proteins form multiple-subunit complexes, most likely homotetramers, which operate as Ca2+-permeable, nonselective cation channels activated by intracellular ADP-ribose (ADPR) and oxidative stress. Each TRPM2 channel subunit is predicted to contain two coiled-coil (CC) domains, one in the N-terminus and the other in the C-terminus. Our recent study has shown that the C-terminal CC domain plays an important, but not exclusive, role in the TRPM2 channel assembly. This study aimed to examine the potential role of the N-terminal CC domain. Domain deletion dramatically reduced protein expression and abolished ADPR-evoked currents but did not alter the subunit interaction. Deletion of both CC domains strongly attenuated the subunit interaction, confirming that the C-terminal CC domain is critical in the subunit interaction. Glutamine substitutions into individual hydrophobic residues at positions a and d in the heptad repeats to disrupt the CC formation had no effect on protein expression, subunit interaction, or ADPR-evoked currents. Mutation of Ile658 to glutamine, which did not perturb the CC formation, decreased ADPR-evoked currents without affecting protein expression, subunit interaction, or membrane trafficking. These results collectively suggest the requirement for the N-terminal CC domain for protein expression and function, but not subunit interaction, of the TRPM2 channel.
The Journal of Membrane Biology – Springer Journals
Published: Aug 5, 2009
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