Representations of naturalistic stimulus complexity in early and associative visual and auditory cortices

Representations of naturalistic stimulus complexity in early and associative visual and auditory... The complexity of sensory stimuli has an important role in perception and cognition. However, its neural representation is not well understood. Here, we characterize the representations of naturalistic visual and auditory stimulus complexity in early and associative visual and auditory cortices. This is realized by means of encoding and decoding analyses of two fMRI datasets in the visual and auditory modalities. Our results implicate most early and some associative sensory areas in representing the complexity of naturalistic sensory stimuli. For example, parahippocampal place area, which was previously shown to represent scene features, is shown to also represent scene complexity. Similarly, posterior regions of superior temporal gyrus and superior temporal sulcus, which were previously shown to represent syntactic (language) complexity, are shown to also represent music (auditory) complexity. Furthermore, our results suggest the existence of gradients in sensitivity to naturalistic sensory stimulus complexity in these areas. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Scientific Reports Springer Journals

Representations of naturalistic stimulus complexity in early and associative visual and auditory cortices

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Publisher
Springer Journals
Copyright
Copyright © 2018 by The Author(s)
Subject
Science, Humanities and Social Sciences, multidisciplinary; Science, Humanities and Social Sciences, multidisciplinary; Science, multidisciplinary
eISSN
2045-2322
D.O.I.
10.1038/s41598-018-21636-y
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

The complexity of sensory stimuli has an important role in perception and cognition. However, its neural representation is not well understood. Here, we characterize the representations of naturalistic visual and auditory stimulus complexity in early and associative visual and auditory cortices. This is realized by means of encoding and decoding analyses of two fMRI datasets in the visual and auditory modalities. Our results implicate most early and some associative sensory areas in representing the complexity of naturalistic sensory stimuli. For example, parahippocampal place area, which was previously shown to represent scene features, is shown to also represent scene complexity. Similarly, posterior regions of superior temporal gyrus and superior temporal sulcus, which were previously shown to represent syntactic (language) complexity, are shown to also represent music (auditory) complexity. Furthermore, our results suggest the existence of gradients in sensitivity to naturalistic sensory stimulus complexity in these areas.

Journal

Scientific ReportsSpringer Journals

Published: Feb 21, 2018

References

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