Reorganization of chloroplast ultrastructure associated with low-temperature hardening of Arabidopsis plants

Reorganization of chloroplast ultrastructure associated with low-temperature hardening of... When following low-temperature acclimation (5 days at 2°C) of cold-resistant plants of Arabidopsis (Arabidopsis thaliana Heynh. (L.), ecotype Columbia) in relation to the changes in chloroplast ultrastructure, we registered the high efficiency of hardening and the ability of hardened plants to lower a threshold of frost damage by about 3°C. During hardening, the area of grana in the chloroplasts more than doubled, with considerably increased numbers of thylakoids per granum and thylakoids per chloroplast. The rate of apparent photosynthesis decreased to lesser extent than the rate of dark respiration, as a result the content of soluble sugars increased fourfold, ensuring an adaptive reorganization of metabolism, which enabled the hardened plants to survive even at below-zero temperatures (up to −7°C). The authors conclude that a considerable increase in the number of thylakoids in the chloroplasts helps maintain photosynthesis at low above-zero temperatures and is a prerequisite for the accumulation of soluble sugars in Arabidopsis leaves. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Russian Journal of Plant Physiology Springer Journals

Reorganization of chloroplast ultrastructure associated with low-temperature hardening of Arabidopsis plants

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Publisher
Pleiades Publishing
Copyright
Copyright © 2014 by Pleiades Publishing, Ltd.
Subject
Life Sciences; Plant Physiology; Plant Sciences
ISSN
1021-4437
eISSN
1608-3407
D.O.I.
10.1134/S102144371406003X
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

When following low-temperature acclimation (5 days at 2°C) of cold-resistant plants of Arabidopsis (Arabidopsis thaliana Heynh. (L.), ecotype Columbia) in relation to the changes in chloroplast ultrastructure, we registered the high efficiency of hardening and the ability of hardened plants to lower a threshold of frost damage by about 3°C. During hardening, the area of grana in the chloroplasts more than doubled, with considerably increased numbers of thylakoids per granum and thylakoids per chloroplast. The rate of apparent photosynthesis decreased to lesser extent than the rate of dark respiration, as a result the content of soluble sugars increased fourfold, ensuring an adaptive reorganization of metabolism, which enabled the hardened plants to survive even at below-zero temperatures (up to −7°C). The authors conclude that a considerable increase in the number of thylakoids in the chloroplasts helps maintain photosynthesis at low above-zero temperatures and is a prerequisite for the accumulation of soluble sugars in Arabidopsis leaves.

Journal

Russian Journal of Plant PhysiologySpringer Journals

Published: Oct 12, 2014

References

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