The general and fine morphology of the buccal armature and concomitant epithelia in Flabellina verrucosa were examined using light microscopy, cLSM, TEM, and SEM. A 3D-reconstruction of the radular sheath terminal end was constructed as well. Based on the obtained data, we suggest the mechanisms of jaw and radula syntheses for this species. The jaw plate’s growth is provided by the apocrine secretion of the gnathoblasts. There are two primary areas of jaw synthesis: the anterior area is responsible for growth formation of the jaw portion used in the masticatory process, and the posterior area provides the growth of the jaw plate. These types of synthesis (common for both areas) were described in detail for the first time for Gastropoda. The radula growth is provided by the microvillar activity of odontoblasts and membranoblasts. The rachidian tooth is synthesised by a single cell, and the lateral teeth are synthesised by group of 3–5 cells. The tooth formation includes four main stages: (1) tooth mould formation; (2) 90° turn of the tooth mould; (3) chitin accumulation, and (4) tooth maturation. The wide range of synthesis mechanisms is provided by a combination of two factors: the type of secretion and the amount of cells.
Zoomorphology – Springer Journals
Published: Jul 31, 2017
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