Remission and recovery are major outcome goals in schizophrenia yet their predictors have not been studied in detail. Therefore, 186 patients were examined regarding remission and recovery including their potential sociodemographic and clinical predictors 1 year after discharge. Remission was defined according to the consensus remission criteria and recovery following the definition by Liberman et al. (2002). Of the 186 patients 54% achieved remission and 26% recovery at the 1-year follow-up. The remission status at discharge was found to significantly influence remission and recovery at follow-up. A higher SOFAS score (P = 0.0002) as well as a positive attitude towards treatment at discharge (P = 0.0038) were identified to be significant predictors of remission at 1-year follow-up. Having a job (P = <0.0001) and being without pharmacological treatment at follow-up (P = 0.0113) were found to be significantly predictive of recovery. Our results underline the need to implement more specific treatment strategies to improve long-term outcome.
Psychiatric Quarterly – Springer Journals
Published: Oct 29, 2011
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