Effects of reactive oxygen species (ROS) on the release of putative elicitors from spores of rice blast causal fungus Magnaporthe grisea (Hebert) Barr were studied. While studying the influence of exogenous ROS, the spores were germinated for 5 h in the presence of 50 μM H2O2 and then treated with catalase to decompose hydrogen peroxide. The spore germination fluid was then boiled to inactivate catalase. When the resulting diffusate was applied onto rice (Oryza sativa L.) leaves, it caused necroses and stimulated superoxide (O 2 − ) production. Both effects were observed with the resistant rice cultivar but not with the cultivar susceptible to the fungal strain. The susceptible cultivar did not acquire resistance to challenge with fungal spores, which were applied one day after the treatment. The fractionation of the spore diffusate showed that both low- and high-molecular compounds (mol wt < 3 kD and >3 kD, respectively) should be present in combination to induce O 2 − production by leaves. The diffusates from spores germinated in water also caused necroses and stimulated O 2 − generation, though to a weaker extent than diffusates from spores germinated in H2O2. The effect of diffusates from spores germinated in water was abolished by catalase or superoxide dismutase added initially to the spore suspension. The results suggest that germinating spores of M. grisea are able to release elicitors and this ability depends on ROS formation by spores. Presumably, the yield of elicitors is increased additionally if fungus M. grisea is stressed or subjected to exogenous ROS. The described phenomena may be involved in incompatibility mechanisms.
Russian Journal of Plant Physiology – Springer Journals
Published: Sep 2, 2010
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