Relationships between nitrogen fixation and photosynthesis as the main components of the productivity in alfalfa

Relationships between nitrogen fixation and photosynthesis as the main components of the... Alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.) plants were inoculated with Sinorhizobium meliloti Tn-5 mutants featuring various nitrogen-fixing effectiveness and then grown in sand culture to study relations between CO2 exchange, plant productivity, and nitrogen fixation. At the flowering stage, the relationship between nitrogen fixation and photosynthesis of whole alfalfa plants was described with the logarithmic curve. At the same stage of plant development, a close relationship was observed between nitrogen fixation rate and plant weight; this relationship showed a trend toward saturation at high rates of nitrogen fixation. The increase in nitrogenase activity of root nodules was accompanied by stimulation of root respiration; the relation of respiration to nitrogen-fixing activity was manifested stronger than its relation to the total root weight. It is concluded that highly effective strains of root nodule bacteria can realize their potential only in combination with complementary plant genotypes featuring active photosynthesis that provides a balanced supply of assimilates for both the symbiotic apparatus and growth processes in the macrosymbiont. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Russian Journal of Plant Physiology Springer Journals

Relationships between nitrogen fixation and photosynthesis as the main components of the productivity in alfalfa

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Publisher
Nauka/Interperiodica
Copyright
Copyright © 2007 by Pleiades Publishing, Ltd.
Subject
Life Sciences; Plant Physiology; Plant Sciences
ISSN
1021-4437
eISSN
1608-3407
D.O.I.
10.1134/S1021443707050032
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.) plants were inoculated with Sinorhizobium meliloti Tn-5 mutants featuring various nitrogen-fixing effectiveness and then grown in sand culture to study relations between CO2 exchange, plant productivity, and nitrogen fixation. At the flowering stage, the relationship between nitrogen fixation and photosynthesis of whole alfalfa plants was described with the logarithmic curve. At the same stage of plant development, a close relationship was observed between nitrogen fixation rate and plant weight; this relationship showed a trend toward saturation at high rates of nitrogen fixation. The increase in nitrogenase activity of root nodules was accompanied by stimulation of root respiration; the relation of respiration to nitrogen-fixing activity was manifested stronger than its relation to the total root weight. It is concluded that highly effective strains of root nodule bacteria can realize their potential only in combination with complementary plant genotypes featuring active photosynthesis that provides a balanced supply of assimilates for both the symbiotic apparatus and growth processes in the macrosymbiont.

Journal

Russian Journal of Plant PhysiologySpringer Journals

Published: Sep 14, 2007

References

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