Int J Public Health (2018) 63:641–649 https://doi.org/10.1007/s00038-017-1059-1 O R I G IN AL ARTI CL E Relationship between empowerment and wealth: trends and predictors in Kenya between 2003 and 2008–2009 1 2 2 • • Delia Voronca Rebekah J. Walker Leonard E. Egede Received: 18 May 2016 / Revised: 8 November 2017 / Accepted: 13 November 2017 / Published online: 20 November 2017 Swiss School of Public Health (SSPH+) 2017 Abstract rural regions (b = 0.04, p value \ 0.01), and agreement Objectives This study aimed to examine the association with domestic violence towards a female partner was sig- between women’s empowerment and wealth over time in niﬁcantly associated with a decrease in wealth in urban Kenya. regions (b =- 0.08, p value \ 0.01). Methods Kenya Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS) Conclusions Women’s empowerment has increased over for 2003 and 2008–2009 were used. Eligible women and time in Kenya and is associated with increased family men were either married or living with a partner. Two wealth. The association varies by gender of respondent and scales were used for empowerment: female participation in rural/urban residence. decision-making, and attitudes toward domestic violence against female partners. Hierarchical linear models were Keywords
International Journal of Public Health – Springer Journals
Published: Nov 20, 2017
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