Objective Intrauterine device (IUD) is a widely used long-acting contraceptive method; however, the side-effects related to IUD may lead to method discontinuation. The aim of this study is to evaluate the relation between the most common side- effects of IUD use; mainly dysmenorrhea, menorrhaghia, pelvic cramping and the relation of these complications with the position of the IUD device within the cavity and uterine dimensions evaluated by transvaginal ultrasonography. Material and method Two hundred and eighty-four patients who had Cu-T380A IUD insertion at the Family Planning Clinic of a tertiary health center were evaluated at insertion and 6 and 12 weeks after the insertion. Demographic characteristics, medical history, symptoms and findings of the gynecological examination were recorded. Transvaginal ultrasonographic measurement of the uterine dimensions, the distance between the tip of the Cu-IUD and the fundus, myometrium and endometrium were measured to evaluate the displacement of the IUD. The relationship between the symptoms and IUD displacement diagnosed by ultrasonographic examination were investigated. Results Two hundred and sixty-seven patients were followed-up for 12 weeks as the remaining 16 had partial or complete IUD expulsion. A statistically significantly shorter uterine length was measured in patients who complained of menorrhagia in comparison to the ones
Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics – Springer Journals
Published: Feb 10, 2018
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