A correlation between protein kinase phosphorylation and ABA level was studied in Malus sieversii (Ledeb.) Roem. seedlings under water stress. The seedlings were treated with PEG 6000 for imitation of water stress, and the MAPK activity and ABA content in each treatment were then determined. We demonstrated that the increase in the activities of the total protein kinase (TPK) and mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) after treatment with 20% PEG 6000 appeared to result in a high level of ABA. MAPK activity accounted for 76.8% of TPK activity. The activity peaks of TPK and MAPK preceded the highest level of ABA accumulation. It is interesting that the ABA level in roots and leaves of seedlings pretreated with 2 × 10−2 mM exogenous ABA for 20 min following treatment by 20% PEG 6000 was much higher than that of seedlings treated with exogenous ABA only. We analyzed the influence of MAPK inhibitor ITU (5-iodotubercidin) on ABA accumulation in the seedlings of M. sieversii under water stress and showed that 1 μM ITU significantly decreased the ABA level induced by a water loss. However, the phosphoesterase inhibitor PAO (phenylarisine oxide) enhanced ABA accumulation, indicating that the phosphorylated MAPK was correlated to ABA synthesis. Together, these results suggest that MAPK phosphorylation played an important role in ABA accumulation under water stress, and MAPK might mediate the signal transduction of ABA synthesis.
Russian Journal of Plant Physiology – Springer Journals
Published: Sep 8, 2009
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