Regulatory Role of Cystathionine-γ-Synthase and de novo Synthesis of Methionine in Ethylene Production during tomato Fruit Ripening

Regulatory Role of Cystathionine-γ-Synthase and de novo Synthesis of Methionine in Ethylene... The essential amino acid methionine is a substrate for the synthesis of S-adenosyl-methionine (SAM), that donates its methyl group to numerous methylation reactions, and from which polyamines and ethylene are generated. To study the regulatory role of methionine synthesis in tomato fruit ripening, which requires a sharp increase in ethylene production, we cloned a cDNA encoding cystathionine γ-synthase (CGS) from tomato and analysed its mRNA and protein levels during tomato fruit ripening. CGS mRNA and protein levels peaked at the “turning” stage and declined as the fruit ripened. Notably, the tomato CGS mRNA level in both leaves and fruit was negatively affected by methionine feeding, a regulation that Arabidopsis, but not potato CGS mRNA is subject to. A positive correlation was found between elevated ethylene production and increased CGS mRNA levels during the ethylene burst of the climacteric ripening of tomato fruit. In addition, wounding of pericarp from tomato fruit at the mature green stage stimulated both ethylene production and CGS mRNA level. Application of exogenous methionine to pericarp of mature green fruit increased ethylene evolution, suggesting that soluble methionine may be a rate limiting metabolite for ethylene synthesis. Moreover, treatment of mature green tomato fruit with the ethylene-releasing reagent Ethephon caused an induction of CGS mRNA level, indicating that CGS gene expression is regulated by ethylene. Taken together, these results imply that in addition to recycling of the methionine moieties via the Yang pathway, operating during synthesis of ethylene, de novo synthesis of methionine may be required when high rates of ethylene production are induced. Plant Molecular Biology Springer Journals

Regulatory Role of Cystathionine-γ-Synthase and de novo Synthesis of Methionine in Ethylene Production during tomato Fruit Ripening

Loading next page...
Kluwer Academic Publishers
Copyright © 2006 by Springer
Life Sciences; Biochemistry, general; Plant Sciences; Plant Pathology
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site


You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.

DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 12 million articles from more than
10,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Unlimited reading

Read as many articles as you need. Full articles with original layout, charts and figures. Read online, from anywhere.

Stay up to date

Keep up with your field with Personalized Recommendations and Follow Journals to get automatic updates.

Organize your research

It’s easy to organize your research with our built-in tools.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

Monthly Plan

  • Read unlimited articles
  • Personalized recommendations
  • No expiration
  • Print 20 pages per month
  • 20% off on PDF purchases
  • Organize your research
  • Get updates on your journals and topic searches


Start Free Trial

14-day Free Trial

Best Deal — 39% off

Annual Plan

  • All the features of the Professional Plan, but for 39% off!
  • Billed annually
  • No expiration
  • For the normal price of 10 articles elsewhere, you get one full year of unlimited access to articles.



billed annually
Start Free Trial

14-day Free Trial