Regulation of the viral life cycle by murine gammaherpesvirus 68 microRNAs

Regulation of the viral life cycle by murine gammaherpesvirus 68 microRNAs γ-Herpesviruses (γHV) such as Epstein-Barr virus and Kaposi’s sarcoma-associated herpesvirus are important human pathogens involved in lymphoproliferation and tumorigenesis. Murine gammaherpesvirus 68 (MHV-68, γHV-68) is an effective model for the study of γHV pathogenesis and host-virus interaction because it is closely related to human γHV. Similarly to human γHV, MHV-68 encodes 15 microRNAs (miRNAs). Although their functions remain unknown, they are thought to regulate the viral life cycle or host-virus interactions, similarly to other human γHV. Herein, we established stable cell lines expressing MHV-68 miRNAs and investigated the role of MHV-68 miRNAs in the regulation of viral life cycle. We found that mghv-miR-M1-1, -3, -5, -7, -8, -9, -10, -11, -13, and -15 repressed MHV-68 lytic replication by down-regulating expression of the replication and transcription activator (RTA) gene, whereas mghv-miR-M1-2, -4, -6, and -12 induced lytic replication by up-regulating RTA. We confirmed that the decrease in viral replication caused by mghv-miR-M1-1 was abolished by inhibition of miRNA expression via miRNA inhibitor treatment. In addition, we observed that mghv-miR-M1-1 down-regulated c-Jun indirectly and decreased cytokine production, suggesting that mghv-miR-M1-1 may inhibit MHV-68 lytic replication by inhibiting the activator protein 1 (AP-1) signaling pathway. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Archives of Virology Springer Journals

Regulation of the viral life cycle by murine gammaherpesvirus 68 microRNAs

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Publisher
Springer Vienna
Copyright
Copyright © 2016 by Springer-Verlag Wien
Subject
Biomedicine; Virology; Medical Microbiology; Infectious Diseases
ISSN
0304-8608
eISSN
1432-8798
D.O.I.
10.1007/s00705-016-3150-y
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

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