In wild species of almond (Prunus spp.), the activities of ascorbate peroxidase (APX), monodehydroascorbate reductase (MDHAR), dehydroascorbate reductase (DHAR), and glutathione reductase (GR), as well as the levels of ascorbate/glutathione pools and H2O2 were subjected to water deficit and shade conditions. After 60 days of water shortage, the species were subjected to a rewatering treatment. During water recovery, leaves exposed to sunlight and leaves under shade conditions of about 20–35% of environmental irradiance were sampled. After 70 days without irrigation, mean predawn leaf water potential of all the species fell from −0.32 to −2.30 MPa and marked decreases in CO2 uptake and transpiration occurred. The activities of APX, MDHAR, DHAR, and GR increased in relation to the severity of drought stress in all the wild species studied. Generally, APX, MDHAR, DHAR, and GR were down-regulated during the rewatering phase and their activities decreased faster in shaded leaves than in sun-exposed leaves. The levels in total ascorbate, glutathione, and H2O2 were directly related to the increase in drought stress and subsequently decreased during rewatering. The antioxidant response of wild almond species to drought stress limits cellular damage caused by reactive oxygen species during periods of water deficit and may be of key importance for the selection of drought-resistant rootstocks for cultivated almond.
Russian Journal of Plant Physiology – Springer Journals
Published: Jan 8, 2011
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