Type II restriction-modification systems are comprised of a restriction endonuclease and methyltransferase. The enzymes are coded by individual genes and recognize the same DNA sequence. Endonuclease makes a double-stranded break in the recognition site, and methyltransferase covalently modifies DNA bases within the recognition site, thereby preventing cleavage by the endonuclease. The concerted action of these enzymes plays the role of a primitive immune system and protects the bacterial host cell from invasion by foreign (for example, viral) DNA. However, uncontrolled expression of restriction-modification system genes can result in the death of a bacterial host cell because of endonuclease cleavage of the host DNA. In the present review, data on the regulation of expression of the type II restriction-modification enzymes genes are discussed.
Russian Journal of Genetics – Springer Journals
Published: May 23, 2008
It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.
Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.
All for just $49/month
Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly
Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.
All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.
“Whoa! It’s like Spotify but for academic articles.”@Phil_Robichaud