Regulation of Connexin43 Gap Junction Protein Triggers Vascular Recovery and Healing in Human Ocular Persistent Epithelial Defect Wounds

Regulation of Connexin43 Gap Junction Protein Triggers Vascular Recovery and Healing in Human... Transiently blocking the expression of the gap junction protein connexin43 using antisense oligodeoxynucleotides or blocking hemichannels with connexin mimetic peptides has been shown to significantly improve outcomes in a range of acute wound models. Less is known about their likely effects in nonhealing wounds. In the eye, prolonged inflammation and lack of epithelial recovery in nonhealing corneal epithelial wounds may lead to corneal opacity, blindness or enucleation. We report here the first human applications of antisense oligodeoxynucleotides that transiently block translation of connexin43 in a prospective study of five eyes with severe ocular surface burns (persistent epithelial defects), which were unresponsive to established therapy for 7 days to 8 weeks prior to treatment. Connexin43-specific antisense oligodeoxynucleotide was delivered in cold, thermoreversible Poloxamer407 gel under either an amniotic membrane graft or a bandage contact lens. The connexin43-specific antisense application reduced inflammation within 1–2 days, and in all five eyes complete and stable corneal reepithelialization was obtained. Recovery of the vascular bed and limbal reperfusion appeared to precede corneal epithelial recovery. We conclude that connexin modulation provides a number of benefits for nonhealing ocular burn wounds, one of which is to promote vascular recovery. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png The Journal of Membrane Biology Springer Journals

Regulation of Connexin43 Gap Junction Protein Triggers Vascular Recovery and Healing in Human Ocular Persistent Epithelial Defect Wounds

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Publisher
Springer-Verlag
Copyright
Copyright © 2012 by Springer Science+Business Media, LLC
Subject
Life Sciences; Biochemistry, general; Human Physiology
ISSN
0022-2631
eISSN
1432-1424
D.O.I.
10.1007/s00232-012-9460-4
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Transiently blocking the expression of the gap junction protein connexin43 using antisense oligodeoxynucleotides or blocking hemichannels with connexin mimetic peptides has been shown to significantly improve outcomes in a range of acute wound models. Less is known about their likely effects in nonhealing wounds. In the eye, prolonged inflammation and lack of epithelial recovery in nonhealing corneal epithelial wounds may lead to corneal opacity, blindness or enucleation. We report here the first human applications of antisense oligodeoxynucleotides that transiently block translation of connexin43 in a prospective study of five eyes with severe ocular surface burns (persistent epithelial defects), which were unresponsive to established therapy for 7 days to 8 weeks prior to treatment. Connexin43-specific antisense oligodeoxynucleotide was delivered in cold, thermoreversible Poloxamer407 gel under either an amniotic membrane graft or a bandage contact lens. The connexin43-specific antisense application reduced inflammation within 1–2 days, and in all five eyes complete and stable corneal reepithelialization was obtained. Recovery of the vascular bed and limbal reperfusion appeared to precede corneal epithelial recovery. We conclude that connexin modulation provides a number of benefits for nonhealing ocular burn wounds, one of which is to promote vascular recovery.

Journal

The Journal of Membrane BiologySpringer Journals

Published: Jul 15, 2012

References

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