Regulation of Cation-selective Channels in Liver Cells

Regulation of Cation-selective Channels in Liver Cells In liver cells, cation-selective channels are permeable to Ca2+ and have been postulated to represent a pathway for receptor-mediated Ca2+ influx. This study examines the mechanisms involved in the regulation of these channels in a model liver cell line. Using patch-clamp recording techniques, it is shown that channel open probability is a saturable function of cytosolic [Ca2+], with half-maximal opening at 660 nm. By contrast, channel opening is not affected by membrane voltage or cytosolic pH. In intact cells, reduction of cytosolic [Cl−], a physiological response to Ca2+-mobilizing hormones and cell swelling, is also associated with an increase in channel opening. Finally, channel opening is inhibited by intracellular ATP through a mechanism that does not involve ATP hydrolysis. These findings suggest that opening of cation-selective channels is coupled to the metabolic state of the cell and provides a positive feedback mechanism for regulation of receptor-mediated Na+ and Ca2+ influx. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png The Journal of Membrane Biology Springer Journals

Regulation of Cation-selective Channels in Liver Cells

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Publisher
Springer-Verlag
Copyright
Copyright © Inc. by 1997 Springer-Verlag New York
Subject
Life Sciences; Biochemistry, general; Human Physiology
ISSN
0022-2631
eISSN
1432-1424
D.O.I.
10.1007/s002329900231
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

In liver cells, cation-selective channels are permeable to Ca2+ and have been postulated to represent a pathway for receptor-mediated Ca2+ influx. This study examines the mechanisms involved in the regulation of these channels in a model liver cell line. Using patch-clamp recording techniques, it is shown that channel open probability is a saturable function of cytosolic [Ca2+], with half-maximal opening at 660 nm. By contrast, channel opening is not affected by membrane voltage or cytosolic pH. In intact cells, reduction of cytosolic [Cl−], a physiological response to Ca2+-mobilizing hormones and cell swelling, is also associated with an increase in channel opening. Finally, channel opening is inhibited by intracellular ATP through a mechanism that does not involve ATP hydrolysis. These findings suggest that opening of cation-selective channels is coupled to the metabolic state of the cell and provides a positive feedback mechanism for regulation of receptor-mediated Na+ and Ca2+ influx.

Journal

The Journal of Membrane BiologySpringer Journals

Published: Jun 1, 1997

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