Regularory elements of the copia retrotransposon determine different levels of expression in different organs of males and females of Drosophila melanogaster

Regularory elements of the copia retrotransposon determine different levels of expression in... Using a model system in which the expression of the reporter gene lacZ is under the control of five deleted variants of the copia retrotransposon regulatory region, which includes the 5′-long terminal repeat (LTR) and the 5′-untranslated region (5′-UTR), their contribution to the control of retrotransposon activity in different organs of males and females of Drosophila melanogaster was analyzed. The whole regulatory region provides expression of the reporter gene at the embryonic stage, and in larvae and adult flies only in generative organs. The 5′-end of LTR harbors a positive regulator that determines expression of the retrotransposon in organs of all types. The 3′-end of LTR harbors a negative regulator, which is sex- and time-specific: it represses copia expression in generative organs of males at all stages of development, and only at the imaginal stage in somatic tissues, without any effect on the expression of the retrotransposon in females. 5′-UTR contains a negative regulator of copia expression: it decreases the expression in embryos and generative organs and blocks it in somatic tissues. It may be suggested that a complex set of regulatory elements was formed in the course of the evolution of the retrotransposon, which made it possible to maintain a certain level of its expression in different types of cells and tissues and at different stages of development and, thus, to limit the harm caused to the host and provide the possibility for the retrotransposon to exist in the host genome over many generations. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Russian Journal of Genetics Springer Journals

Regularory elements of the copia retrotransposon determine different levels of expression in different organs of males and females of Drosophila melanogaster

Loading next page...
 
/lp/springer_journal/regularory-elements-of-the-copia-retrotransposon-determine-different-AiOZz0mTQu
Publisher
SP MAIK Nauka/Interperiodica
Copyright
Copyright © 2009 by Pleiades Publishing, Ltd.
Subject
Biomedicine; Microbial Genetics and Genomics; Animal Genetics and Genomics; Human Genetics
ISSN
1022-7954
eISSN
1608-3369
D.O.I.
10.1134/S1022795409020033
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Using a model system in which the expression of the reporter gene lacZ is under the control of five deleted variants of the copia retrotransposon regulatory region, which includes the 5′-long terminal repeat (LTR) and the 5′-untranslated region (5′-UTR), their contribution to the control of retrotransposon activity in different organs of males and females of Drosophila melanogaster was analyzed. The whole regulatory region provides expression of the reporter gene at the embryonic stage, and in larvae and adult flies only in generative organs. The 5′-end of LTR harbors a positive regulator that determines expression of the retrotransposon in organs of all types. The 3′-end of LTR harbors a negative regulator, which is sex- and time-specific: it represses copia expression in generative organs of males at all stages of development, and only at the imaginal stage in somatic tissues, without any effect on the expression of the retrotransposon in females. 5′-UTR contains a negative regulator of copia expression: it decreases the expression in embryos and generative organs and blocks it in somatic tissues. It may be suggested that a complex set of regulatory elements was formed in the course of the evolution of the retrotransposon, which made it possible to maintain a certain level of its expression in different types of cells and tissues and at different stages of development and, thus, to limit the harm caused to the host and provide the possibility for the retrotransposon to exist in the host genome over many generations.

Journal

Russian Journal of GeneticsSpringer Journals

Published: Feb 26, 2009

References

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Search

Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly

Organize

Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.

Access

Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

DeepDyve

Freelancer

DeepDyve

Pro

Price

FREE

$49/month
$360/year

Save searches from
Google Scholar,
PubMed

Create lists to
organize your research

Export lists, citations

Read DeepDyve articles

Abstract access only

Unlimited access to over
18 million full-text articles

Print

20 pages / month

PDF Discount

20% off