Regional functional heterogeneity of aortic smooth muscle cells in rats

Regional functional heterogeneity of aortic smooth muscle cells in rats The aorta is a magistral artery, which has been traditionally looked upon as a vessel whose properties are invariable throughout its length. However, in the most recent decade, there have been accumulated data that provide evidence that different aorta sections arise from different embryonic origins and that the population of smooth muscle cells making up the vessel’s wall is, consequently, heterogenic. Tracing the fate of smooth muscle cells, the basic components of the vessel, with the aid of genetic marking methods revealed that the cells’ response to various factors is largely determined by the embryonic origin of a certain cell population. However, functional differences between the smooth muscle cells making up different aorta sections remain poorly understood. The aim of the current work was to compare the functional characteristics of the populations of aortic wall smooth muscle cells obtained from the aorta sections differing by their embryonic origin. Towards this end, we obtained smooth muscle cell cultures from the three aorta sections of linear rats, namely, the neural crest derived ascending thoracic aorta, the somites derived descending thoracic aorta, and splanchnic mesoderm derived abdominal aorta. Using immunocytochemistry and Western blotting, the cells from the different regions of aorta were compared on the basis of smooth muscle actin, vimentin, and SM22 content in them. Cell proliferation rate was estimated using the growth curves method. We have demonstrated that the three smooth muscle cell populations arising from different embryonic origins differ in their morphological characteristics as well as by smooth muscle actin and SM22 content. We have shown that smooth muscle cells from the ascending aorta proliferate more actively than the corresponding cells from the descending thoracic aorta. Thus, the functional properties of the populations of rat aortic smooth muscle cells are different and depend on the embryonic origin of the aorta section from which they were obtained. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Russian Journal of Developmental Biology Springer Journals

Regional functional heterogeneity of aortic smooth muscle cells in rats

Loading next page...
 
/lp/springer_journal/regional-functional-heterogeneity-of-aortic-smooth-muscle-cells-in-eZ3qDGQiZV
Publisher
Springer Journals
Copyright
Copyright © 2017 by Pleiades Publishing, Inc.
Subject
Life Sciences; Developmental Biology; Animal Anatomy / Morphology / Histology
ISSN
1062-3604
eISSN
1608-3326
D.O.I.
10.1134/S1062360417030080
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

The aorta is a magistral artery, which has been traditionally looked upon as a vessel whose properties are invariable throughout its length. However, in the most recent decade, there have been accumulated data that provide evidence that different aorta sections arise from different embryonic origins and that the population of smooth muscle cells making up the vessel’s wall is, consequently, heterogenic. Tracing the fate of smooth muscle cells, the basic components of the vessel, with the aid of genetic marking methods revealed that the cells’ response to various factors is largely determined by the embryonic origin of a certain cell population. However, functional differences between the smooth muscle cells making up different aorta sections remain poorly understood. The aim of the current work was to compare the functional characteristics of the populations of aortic wall smooth muscle cells obtained from the aorta sections differing by their embryonic origin. Towards this end, we obtained smooth muscle cell cultures from the three aorta sections of linear rats, namely, the neural crest derived ascending thoracic aorta, the somites derived descending thoracic aorta, and splanchnic mesoderm derived abdominal aorta. Using immunocytochemistry and Western blotting, the cells from the different regions of aorta were compared on the basis of smooth muscle actin, vimentin, and SM22 content in them. Cell proliferation rate was estimated using the growth curves method. We have demonstrated that the three smooth muscle cell populations arising from different embryonic origins differ in their morphological characteristics as well as by smooth muscle actin and SM22 content. We have shown that smooth muscle cells from the ascending aorta proliferate more actively than the corresponding cells from the descending thoracic aorta. Thus, the functional properties of the populations of rat aortic smooth muscle cells are different and depend on the embryonic origin of the aorta section from which they were obtained.

Journal

Russian Journal of Developmental BiologySpringer Journals

Published: Jun 4, 2017

References

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Search

Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly

Organize

Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.

Access

Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

DeepDyve

Freelancer

DeepDyve

Pro

Price

FREE

$49/month
$360/year

Save searches from
Google Scholar,
PubMed

Create lists to
organize your research

Export lists, citations

Read DeepDyve articles

Abstract access only

Unlimited access to over
18 million full-text articles

Print

20 pages / month

PDF Discount

20% off