Region of Birth and Disability Among Recent U.S. Immigrants: Evidence from the 2000 Census

Region of Birth and Disability Among Recent U.S. Immigrants: Evidence from the 2000 Census This study aimed to test the “healthy immigrant” hypothesis and assess health heterogeneity among newly arrived working-age immigrants (18–64 years) from various regions of origin. Using the 5% sample of the 2000 U.S. Census (PUMS), we found that, compared with their native-born counterparts, immigrants from all regions of the world were less likely to report mental disability and physical disability. Immigrants from selected regions of origin were, however, more likely to report work disability. Significant heterogeneity in disabilities exists among immigrants: Those from Eastern Europe and Southeast Asia reported the highest risk of mental and physical disability, and those from East Asia reported the lowest risk of physical disability. Furthermore, Mexican immigrants reported the lowest risk of mental disability, and Canadian immigrants reported the lowest risk of work disability. Socioeconomic status and English proficiency partially explained these differences. The health advantage of immigrants decreased with longer U.S. residence. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Population Research and Policy Review Springer Journals

Region of Birth and Disability Among Recent U.S. Immigrants: Evidence from the 2000 Census

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Publisher
Springer Netherlands
Copyright
Copyright © 2010 by Springer Science+Business Media B.V.
Subject
Social Sciences; Demography; Sociology, general; Population Economics
ISSN
0167-5923
eISSN
1573-7829
D.O.I.
10.1007/s11113-010-9194-x
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

This study aimed to test the “healthy immigrant” hypothesis and assess health heterogeneity among newly arrived working-age immigrants (18–64 years) from various regions of origin. Using the 5% sample of the 2000 U.S. Census (PUMS), we found that, compared with their native-born counterparts, immigrants from all regions of the world were less likely to report mental disability and physical disability. Immigrants from selected regions of origin were, however, more likely to report work disability. Significant heterogeneity in disabilities exists among immigrants: Those from Eastern Europe and Southeast Asia reported the highest risk of mental and physical disability, and those from East Asia reported the lowest risk of physical disability. Furthermore, Mexican immigrants reported the lowest risk of mental disability, and Canadian immigrants reported the lowest risk of work disability. Socioeconomic status and English proficiency partially explained these differences. The health advantage of immigrants decreased with longer U.S. residence.

Journal

Population Research and Policy ReviewSpringer Journals

Published: Nov 5, 2010

References

  • Health selection among new immigrants
    Akresh, RI; Frank, R
  • Lifetime prevalence of and risk factors for psychiatric disorders among Mexican migrant farmworkers in California
    Alderete, E; Vega, WA; Kolody, B; Aguilar-Gaxiola, S
  • Should disability items in the Census be used for planning services for elders?
    Calsyn, RJ; Winter, JP; Yonker, RD
  • Nativity, duration of residence, and the health of Hispanic adults in the United States
    Cho, Y; Frisbie, WP; Hummer, RA; Rogers, RG
  • Health of foreign-born people in the United States: A review
    Cunningham, SA; Ruben, J; Venkat Narayan, KM

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