Review of Industrial Organization 13: 131–151, 1998. 1998 Kluwer Academic Publishers. Printed in the Netherlands. ZHIQI CHEN Department of Economics, Carleton University THOMAS W. ROSS and W. T. STANBURY Faculty of Commerce and Business Administration, University of British Columbia ( and T. D. MacDonald Chair in Industrial Economics (1996/97), Competition Bureau, Industry Canada, Ottawa) I. Introduction Refusal to deal cases have recently received a considerable amount of attention in 1 2 both Canada and the United States. In the Chrysler and Xerox cases the Canadian Competition Tribunal supported the position of the Director of Investigation and Research that these ﬁrms should not be permitted to refuse to supply parts to the complainants. In the Kodak case in the United States a jury in California awarded $23.9 million dollars in damages to 10 independent service organizations to which Kodak refused to sell parts. According to Borenstein et al. (1995b, p. 1), there are more than twenty similar cases ongoing in the United States. These refusal to deal cases represent an important new area of antitrust intervention and litigation. The Canadian law on refusal to deal is contained in Section 75 of the 1986 Com- petition Act. It is a rather
Review of Industrial Organization – Springer Journals
Published: Oct 6, 2004
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