Refractories and carbon cathode materials for the aluminum industry. Chapter 2. Refractories and carbon cathode blocks for electrolytic production of aluminum

Refractories and carbon cathode materials for the aluminum industry. Chapter 2. Refractories and... Refractories and Industrial Ceramics Vol. 46, No. 6, 2005 REFRACTORIES IN HEAT UNITS UDC 606.76:669.713.7 REFRACTORIES AND CARBON CATHODE MATERIALS FOR THE ALUMINUM INDUSTRY. CHAPTER 2. REFRACTORIES AND CARBON CATHODE BLOCKS FOR ELECTROLYTIC PRODUCTION OF ALUMINUM A. L. Yurkov Translated from Novye Ogneupory, No. 9, pp. 15 – 21, September, 2005. 2.1. PRINCIPLES OF INDUSTRIAL ALUMINUM minum forms a bottom layer (density 2.3 gcm ) and the ELECTROLYSIS. ORGANIZATION electrolyte forms a supernatant layer (about 2.1 gcm ). OF AN ALUMINUM ELECTROLYSIS SHOP. A carbon anode is kept immersed in the electrolyte. The sur- ELECTROLYSIS CELL TYPES face of molten aluminum on the bath bottom serves as a cath- ode. The distance between the surfaces of anode and cathode In the commercial manufacture of aluminum, the electro- (interelectrode spacing) is maintained at a level of 4–6cm. lyte performs three major functions: (i) as a current conduc- An operating electrolysis cell should never be emptied com- tor between the anode and the cathode; (ii) as a solvent for pletely, the metal level should be 25 – 35 cm, and the electro- aluminum oxide, and (iii) as a physical interface between lyte level, 15 – 25 cm. Over the melt (at http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Refractories and Industrial Ceramics Springer Journals

Refractories and carbon cathode materials for the aluminum industry. Chapter 2. Refractories and carbon cathode blocks for electrolytic production of aluminum

Loading next page...
 
/lp/springer_journal/refractories-and-carbon-cathode-materials-for-the-aluminum-industry-bnp70tBR0U
Publisher
Kluwer Academic Publishers-Consultants Bureau
Copyright
Copyright © 2005 by Springer Science+Business Media, Inc.
Subject
Materials Science; Characterization and Evaluation of Materials; Materials Science, general; Ceramics, Glass, Composites, Natural Materials
ISSN
1083-4877
eISSN
1573-9139
D.O.I.
10.1007/s11148-006-0029-6
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Refractories and Industrial Ceramics Vol. 46, No. 6, 2005 REFRACTORIES IN HEAT UNITS UDC 606.76:669.713.7 REFRACTORIES AND CARBON CATHODE MATERIALS FOR THE ALUMINUM INDUSTRY. CHAPTER 2. REFRACTORIES AND CARBON CATHODE BLOCKS FOR ELECTROLYTIC PRODUCTION OF ALUMINUM A. L. Yurkov Translated from Novye Ogneupory, No. 9, pp. 15 – 21, September, 2005. 2.1. PRINCIPLES OF INDUSTRIAL ALUMINUM minum forms a bottom layer (density 2.3 gcm ) and the ELECTROLYSIS. ORGANIZATION electrolyte forms a supernatant layer (about 2.1 gcm ). OF AN ALUMINUM ELECTROLYSIS SHOP. A carbon anode is kept immersed in the electrolyte. The sur- ELECTROLYSIS CELL TYPES face of molten aluminum on the bath bottom serves as a cath- ode. The distance between the surfaces of anode and cathode In the commercial manufacture of aluminum, the electro- (interelectrode spacing) is maintained at a level of 4–6cm. lyte performs three major functions: (i) as a current conduc- An operating electrolysis cell should never be emptied com- tor between the anode and the cathode; (ii) as a solvent for pletely, the metal level should be 25 – 35 cm, and the electro- aluminum oxide, and (iii) as a physical interface between lyte level, 15 – 25 cm. Over the melt (at

Journal

Refractories and Industrial CeramicsSpringer Journals

Published: Apr 22, 2006

There are no references for this article.

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Search

Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly

Organize

Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.

Access

Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

DeepDyve

Freelancer

DeepDyve

Pro

Price

FREE

$49/month
$360/year

Save searches from
Google Scholar,
PubMed

Create lists to
organize your research

Export lists, citations

Read DeepDyve articles

Abstract access only

Unlimited access to over
18 million full-text articles

Print

20 pages / month

PDF Discount

20% off