Reduced sensitivity to reinforcement in adolescent compared to adult Sprague-Dawley rats of both sexes

Reduced sensitivity to reinforcement in adolescent compared to adult Sprague-Dawley rats of both... Rationale Adolescence is a period of considerable development of brain and behavior and is the time during which most drug use is initiated. Objective Age-dependent differences in motivated behaviors may be one of the factors that contribute to heightened vulnerability to developing substance use disorders, so we sought to compare age differences in methamphetamine (METH) and saccharin seeking. Methods Beginning during adolescence or adulthood, male and female Sprague-Dawley rats were trained to self-administer 0.1% saccharin (via liquid dipper cup) or intravenous METH at one of three doses (0.02, 0.05, 0.08 mg/kg/inf) under increasing fixed ratio schedules of reinforcement. Subsequently, responding for METH (0.02, 0.05, 0.08, or 0.1 mg/kg/inf) under progressive ratio response requirements was assessed in rats that acquired METH self-administration at the highest dose (0.08 mg/kg/inf). Results We found that adult-onset rats acquired METH self-administration more readily and exhibited higher motivation com- pared to adolescent-onset rats, although there were no differences in METH intake during acquisition. Adult rats also acquired saccharin self-administration more readily, but in contrast to METH, there were age and sex differences in saccharin intake driven by high levels of responding in adult females. Conclusions These findings challenge the prevailing notion that adolescents are hypersensitive http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Psychopharmacology Springer Journals

Reduced sensitivity to reinforcement in adolescent compared to adult Sprague-Dawley rats of both sexes

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Publisher
Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Copyright
Copyright © 2017 by Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature
Subject
Biomedicine; Neurosciences; Pharmacology/Toxicology; Psychiatry
ISSN
0033-3158
eISSN
1432-2072
D.O.I.
10.1007/s00213-017-4804-5
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Rationale Adolescence is a period of considerable development of brain and behavior and is the time during which most drug use is initiated. Objective Age-dependent differences in motivated behaviors may be one of the factors that contribute to heightened vulnerability to developing substance use disorders, so we sought to compare age differences in methamphetamine (METH) and saccharin seeking. Methods Beginning during adolescence or adulthood, male and female Sprague-Dawley rats were trained to self-administer 0.1% saccharin (via liquid dipper cup) or intravenous METH at one of three doses (0.02, 0.05, 0.08 mg/kg/inf) under increasing fixed ratio schedules of reinforcement. Subsequently, responding for METH (0.02, 0.05, 0.08, or 0.1 mg/kg/inf) under progressive ratio response requirements was assessed in rats that acquired METH self-administration at the highest dose (0.08 mg/kg/inf). Results We found that adult-onset rats acquired METH self-administration more readily and exhibited higher motivation com- pared to adolescent-onset rats, although there were no differences in METH intake during acquisition. Adult rats also acquired saccharin self-administration more readily, but in contrast to METH, there were age and sex differences in saccharin intake driven by high levels of responding in adult females. Conclusions These findings challenge the prevailing notion that adolescents are hypersensitive

Journal

PsychopharmacologySpringer Journals

Published: Dec 2, 2017

References

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