Plantar defects are a challenge for the plastic surgeon; from 1984–1995 59 operations were performed in 57 patients. The radial forearm flap and the latissimus dorsi (LD) flaps were mainly used depending on the amount of tissue loss. Local flaps such as dorsalis pedis and instep flaps were used for smaller defects. The radial forearm flap is ideal in terms of thickness and stability for the sole but limited in its size. The LD flap is a safe procedure especially for severe injuries and osteitis, but has the disadvantage of being bulky and debulking procedures are frequently performed. For nerve reconstruction deep sensibility seems to be sufficient in order to obtain stable postoperative results. In this report the different operative methods are evaluated. Since 1991, the patients were monitored with static and dynamic foot pressure measurements and gait analysis to assess the postoperative result and prevent pressure ulcers, scar irritation and hyperkeratosis. Preoperative investigations may contribute to an optimal schedule for planning and stabilization of the operative regimen.
European Journal of Plastic Surgery – Springer Journals
Published: Nov 1, 1997
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