Reconsideration of the systematics of Peniculida (Protista, Ciliophora) based on SSU rRNA gene sequences and new morphological features of Marituja and Disematostoma

Reconsideration of the systematics of Peniculida (Protista, Ciliophora) based on SSU rRNA gene... Ciliated protists are unicellular eukaryotes that play important roles in aquatic ecosystems. One of the major tasks of ciliate taxonomy is to re-evaluate the systematic confusing taxa using modern methods. In the present study, two peniculid ciliates, Marituja cf. caudata and Disematostoma minor collected from east China, were studied using a multi-method approach. New morphological observations supplied additional information for species identification and systematic revision of the order Peniculida. The small subunit ribosomal RNA gene sequences of M. cf. caudata, D. minor, and Frontonia terricola were characterized for the first time and provided new insights into the phylogeny of Peniculida. The family Stokesiidae Roque, 1961, was expanded to include the genera Disematostoma and Marituja in addition to its type genus Stokesia, since the three genera formed a well-supported clade in the phylogenetic analyses. The diagnosis of Stokesiidae was improved to include the newly recognized synapomorphies, i.e., barren kinetosomes on the dorsal side, a ciliated dorsal suture, and the somatic ciliature that can be recognized as transversely oriented circles. Additionally, the systematic relationships of the genera and families of Peniculida were hypothesized. We argue that more diversified morphological features should be considered when assessing diagnostic traits for ciliate taxa during systematic revisions. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Hydrobiologia Springer Journals

Reconsideration of the systematics of Peniculida (Protista, Ciliophora) based on SSU rRNA gene sequences and new morphological features of Marituja and Disematostoma

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Publisher
Springer Journals
Copyright
Copyright © 2017 by Springer International Publishing AG
Subject
Life Sciences; Freshwater & Marine Ecology; Ecology; Zoology
ISSN
0018-8158
eISSN
1573-5117
D.O.I.
10.1007/s10750-017-3371-4
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Ciliated protists are unicellular eukaryotes that play important roles in aquatic ecosystems. One of the major tasks of ciliate taxonomy is to re-evaluate the systematic confusing taxa using modern methods. In the present study, two peniculid ciliates, Marituja cf. caudata and Disematostoma minor collected from east China, were studied using a multi-method approach. New morphological observations supplied additional information for species identification and systematic revision of the order Peniculida. The small subunit ribosomal RNA gene sequences of M. cf. caudata, D. minor, and Frontonia terricola were characterized for the first time and provided new insights into the phylogeny of Peniculida. The family Stokesiidae Roque, 1961, was expanded to include the genera Disematostoma and Marituja in addition to its type genus Stokesia, since the three genera formed a well-supported clade in the phylogenetic analyses. The diagnosis of Stokesiidae was improved to include the newly recognized synapomorphies, i.e., barren kinetosomes on the dorsal side, a ciliated dorsal suture, and the somatic ciliature that can be recognized as transversely oriented circles. Additionally, the systematic relationships of the genera and families of Peniculida were hypothesized. We argue that more diversified morphological features should be considered when assessing diagnostic traits for ciliate taxa during systematic revisions.

Journal

HydrobiologiaSpringer Journals

Published: Sep 11, 2017

References

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