Nat Hazards https://doi.org/10.1007/s11069-018-3380-2 ORIGINAL PAPER Recent northeast Italian tornado events: lesson learned for improving structures Alessio Pipinato Received: 19 February 2018 / Accepted: 27 May 2018 Springer Science+Business Media B.V., part of Springer Nature 2018 Abstract Increasing intensity and frequency of tornadoes have been reported in Europe in the last decades, and in Italy, in particular in the northeast area, including Veneto, Friuli Venezia Giulia and Trentino Alto Adige. The public consciousness and the meteorological control of this risk are sufﬁciently established in the USA. The European continent and the northeast of Italy do not exhibit a similar state, although the tornado damages induced are increasing and becoming of economic relevance. Studies and research are diffused and have reached a detailed level, being able to correlate tornado intensity to a detailed damage state for a wide amount of building classes. But, codes and standard, both in USA and in the whole European continent, have not been developed for tornado loadings. For this reason, to ﬁll the gap between studies, research and observational data, in this study Italian wind extreme events are presented and discussed ﬁrst. In a second part, the damage assessment results of the most extreme events recorded
Natural Hazards – Springer Journals
Published: Jun 2, 2018
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