Real-time Observation of Lipoplex Formation and Interaction with Anionic Bilayer Vesicles

Real-time Observation of Lipoplex Formation and Interaction with Anionic Bilayer Vesicles A novel development has allowed for the direct observation of single, pairwise interactions of linear DNA with cationic vesicles and of DNA-cationic lipid complexes with anionic vesicles. A new cationic phospholipid derivative, l,2-dioleoyl-sn-glycero-3-ethylphosphocholine, was used to prepare giant bilayer vesicles and to form DNA-cationic lipid complexes (lipoplexes). The cationic vesicles were electrophoretically maneuvered into contact with DNA, and similarly, complexes were brought into contact with anionic phospholipid vesicles composed of dioleoylphosphatidylglycerol (DOPG; 100%), DOPG/dioleoylphosphatidylethanolamine (DOPE; 1:1) or DOPG/dioleoylphosphatidylcholine (DOPC; 1:1). Video fluorescence microscopy revealed that upon contact with phospholipid anionic vesicles, lipoplexes exhibited four different types of behavior: adhesion, vesicle rupture, membrane perforation (manifested as vesicle shrinkage and/or content loss), and expansion of DNA (which was always concomitant with membrane perforation.) In one instance, the lipoplex was injected into the target vesicle just prior to DNA expansion. In all other instances, the DNA expanded over the outer surface of the vesicle, and expansion was faster, the larger the area of vesicle over which it expanded. Given the likelihood of incorporation of cellular anionic lipids into lipoplexes, the expansion of the DNA could be important in DNA release during cell transfection. Upon contact with naked DNA, giant cationic vesicles usually ruptured and condensed the DNA into a small particle. Contact of cationic vesicles that were partially coated with DNA usually caused the DNA to wrap around the vesicle, leading to vesicle rupture, vesicle fusion (with other attached vesicles or lipid aggregates), or simply cessation of movement. These behaviors clearly indicated that both DNA and vesicles could be partly or fully covered by the other, thus modifying surface charges, which, among others, allowed adhesion of DNA-coated vesicles with uncoated vesicles and of lipid-coated DNA with uncoated DNA. The Journal of Membrane Biology Springer Journals

Real-time Observation of Lipoplex Formation and Interaction with Anionic Bilayer Vesicles

Loading next page...
Copyright © 2003 by Springer-Verlag New York Inc.
Life Sciences; Biochemistry, general; Human Physiology
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

There are no references for this article.

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.

DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 12 million articles from more than
10,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Unlimited reading

Read as many articles as you need. Full articles with original layout, charts and figures. Read online, from anywhere.

Stay up to date

Keep up with your field with Personalized Recommendations and Follow Journals to get automatic updates.

Organize your research

It’s easy to organize your research with our built-in tools.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

Monthly Plan

  • Read unlimited articles
  • Personalized recommendations
  • No expiration
  • Print 20 pages per month
  • 20% off on PDF purchases
  • Organize your research
  • Get updates on your journals and topic searches


Start Free Trial

14-day Free Trial

Best Deal — 39% off

Annual Plan

  • All the features of the Professional Plan, but for 39% off!
  • Billed annually
  • No expiration
  • For the normal price of 10 articles elsewhere, you get one full year of unlimited access to articles.



billed annually
Start Free Trial

14-day Free Trial