Dimethylgermylene and its Ge=Ge doubly bonded dimer, tetramethyldigermene, have been characterized directly in solution by 308-nm laser flash photolysis in n-hexane solution, as well as 254-nm photolysis in hydrocarbon glasses at t = 77 K. An absorption band maximum of λ max ≈ 430 nm and molar absorption coefficient of ε ≈ 2,700 M−1 cm−1 have been shown to be attributable to low-temperature glasses, while the absorption band maximum of λ max ≈ 480 nm and molar absorption coefficient of ε ≈ 2,400 M−1 cm−1 have been shown to be related to dimethylgermylene in n-hexane solution. The molar absorption coefficient of tetramethyldigermene (λ max ≈ 380 nm) was determined to be ε ≈ 84,000 M−1 cm−1. The germylene is formed via (formal) cheletropic photocycloreversion of 7,7′-dimethylgerma-1,4,5,6-tetraphenyl-2,3-benzo-norbornadiene. Tetramethyldigermene and 1,2,3,4-tetraphenylnaphthalene in the triplet state were formed, together with dimethylgermylene. We attempted to explain the various contradictory interpretations of experimental data existing in the literature on this reaction.
Research on Chemical Intermediates – Springer Journals
Published: Mar 19, 2010
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