RceIF5A, encoding an eukaryotic translation initiation factor 5A in Rosa chinensis, can enhance thermotolerance, oxidative and osmotic stress resistance of Arabidopsis thaliana

RceIF5A, encoding an eukaryotic translation initiation factor 5A in Rosa chinensis, can enhance... Eukaryotic translation initiation factor 5A (eIF5A) is the only cellular protein known to contain the unusual amino acid hypusine. It is a highly conserved protein found in all eukaryotic organisms. Although originally identified as a translation initiation factor, recent studies suggest that eIF5A is mainly involved in translation elongation, mRNA turnover and decay, cell proliferation, and programmed cell death. However, the precise cellular function of eIF5A remains largely unknown, especially in plants. Here, we report the identification and characterization of RceIF5A from Rosa chinensis. RceIF5A expression is up-regulated in Rosa chinensis under high temperature, and oxidative and osmotic stress conditions. We produced transgenic Arabidopsis that constitutively enhanced or suppressed expression of RceIF5A. The RceIF5A over-expression plants exhibited increased resistance to heat, and oxidative and osmotic stresses, while the suppressed expression plants (three AteIF5A isoforms in Arabidopsis were down-regulated) showed more susceptibility to these stresses. These results reveal a new physiological role for eIF5A in plants and contribute to the elucidation of the molecular mechanisms involved in the stress response pathway. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Plant Molecular Biology Springer Journals

RceIF5A, encoding an eukaryotic translation initiation factor 5A in Rosa chinensis, can enhance thermotolerance, oxidative and osmotic stress resistance of Arabidopsis thaliana

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Publisher
Springer Journals
Copyright
Copyright © 2010 by Springer Science+Business Media B.V.
Subject
Life Sciences; Plant Sciences; Plant Pathology; Biochemistry, general
ISSN
0167-4412
eISSN
1573-5028
D.O.I.
10.1007/s11103-010-9716-2
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Eukaryotic translation initiation factor 5A (eIF5A) is the only cellular protein known to contain the unusual amino acid hypusine. It is a highly conserved protein found in all eukaryotic organisms. Although originally identified as a translation initiation factor, recent studies suggest that eIF5A is mainly involved in translation elongation, mRNA turnover and decay, cell proliferation, and programmed cell death. However, the precise cellular function of eIF5A remains largely unknown, especially in plants. Here, we report the identification and characterization of RceIF5A from Rosa chinensis. RceIF5A expression is up-regulated in Rosa chinensis under high temperature, and oxidative and osmotic stress conditions. We produced transgenic Arabidopsis that constitutively enhanced or suppressed expression of RceIF5A. The RceIF5A over-expression plants exhibited increased resistance to heat, and oxidative and osmotic stresses, while the suppressed expression plants (three AteIF5A isoforms in Arabidopsis were down-regulated) showed more susceptibility to these stresses. These results reveal a new physiological role for eIF5A in plants and contribute to the elucidation of the molecular mechanisms involved in the stress response pathway.

Journal

Plant Molecular BiologySpringer Journals

Published: Nov 24, 2010

References

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