Rapid-onset plasma leakage of extracorporeal oxygenation membranes possibly due to hyperbilirubinemia

Rapid-onset plasma leakage of extracorporeal oxygenation membranes possibly due to... Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) is an emerging tool for supporting cardiopulmonary function in patients with cardiorespiratory failure or arrest. The oxygenator of the ECMO circuit requires effective oxygenation and removal of carbon dioxide from the blood. Major problems that can occur with the oxygenator include plasma leakage, one of the late-onset serious complications necessitating device replacement. However, the rapid onset of plasma leakage is rare. We present a 1-year-old boy with acute respiratory failure due to Pneumocystis and Aspergillus pneumonia. He presented with tachypnea, tachycardia, and hypoxemia despite the ventilatory support, and was therefore placed on venoarterial ECMO with a drainage catheter from the right internal jugular vein (12 Fr) and a return catheter to the right internal carotid artery (10 Fr). Extracorporeal circulation was initiated at a blood flow of 1 L/min (145 mL/kg/min) and a sweep gas flow of 1 L/min with FiO2 of 0.7. Although he was successfully weaned from the venoarterial ECMO on day 15 with an improvement of cardiopulmonary function, he was later placed on venoarterial ECMO again because of the progression of pulmonary hypertension. Laboratory tests showed increased concentrations of hepatic enzymes and hyperbilirubinemia (total bilirubin 31.6 mg/dL). Six hours after starting ECMO circulation, plasma leakage from the oxygenator occurred. Although we replaced the oxygenator with a new one, the replacement showed plasma leakage after 6 h. Disassembly of the oxygenator revealed congestion from bilirubin in the membrane fibers. We described a case of repeated, rapid-onset plasma leakage after implementation of ECMO. Hyperbilirubinemia was likely associated with the plasma leakage of this patient. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Journal of Artificial Organs Springer Journals

Rapid-onset plasma leakage of extracorporeal oxygenation membranes possibly due to hyperbilirubinemia

Loading next page...
 
/lp/springer_journal/rapid-onset-plasma-leakage-of-extracorporeal-oxygenation-membranes-mcTidu1Id0
Publisher
Springer Journals
Copyright
Copyright © 2018 by The Japanese Society for Artificial Organs
Subject
Medicine & Public Health; Cardiac Surgery; Nephrology; Biomedical Engineering and Bioengineering
ISSN
1434-7229
eISSN
1619-0904
D.O.I.
10.1007/s10047-018-1051-4
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) is an emerging tool for supporting cardiopulmonary function in patients with cardiorespiratory failure or arrest. The oxygenator of the ECMO circuit requires effective oxygenation and removal of carbon dioxide from the blood. Major problems that can occur with the oxygenator include plasma leakage, one of the late-onset serious complications necessitating device replacement. However, the rapid onset of plasma leakage is rare. We present a 1-year-old boy with acute respiratory failure due to Pneumocystis and Aspergillus pneumonia. He presented with tachypnea, tachycardia, and hypoxemia despite the ventilatory support, and was therefore placed on venoarterial ECMO with a drainage catheter from the right internal jugular vein (12 Fr) and a return catheter to the right internal carotid artery (10 Fr). Extracorporeal circulation was initiated at a blood flow of 1 L/min (145 mL/kg/min) and a sweep gas flow of 1 L/min with FiO2 of 0.7. Although he was successfully weaned from the venoarterial ECMO on day 15 with an improvement of cardiopulmonary function, he was later placed on venoarterial ECMO again because of the progression of pulmonary hypertension. Laboratory tests showed increased concentrations of hepatic enzymes and hyperbilirubinemia (total bilirubin 31.6 mg/dL). Six hours after starting ECMO circulation, plasma leakage from the oxygenator occurred. Although we replaced the oxygenator with a new one, the replacement showed plasma leakage after 6 h. Disassembly of the oxygenator revealed congestion from bilirubin in the membrane fibers. We described a case of repeated, rapid-onset plasma leakage after implementation of ECMO. Hyperbilirubinemia was likely associated with the plasma leakage of this patient.

Journal

Journal of Artificial OrgansSpringer Journals

Published: Jun 2, 2018

References

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Search

Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly

Organize

Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.

Access

Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

DeepDyve

Freelancer

DeepDyve

Pro

Price

FREE

$49/month
$360/year

Save searches from
Google Scholar,
PubMed

Create lists to
organize your research

Export lists, citations

Read DeepDyve articles

Abstract access only

Unlimited access to over
18 million full-text articles

Print

20 pages / month

PDF Discount

20% off