Genomes of three alloplasmic wheat lines obtained on the basis of barley–wheat hybrid Hordeum geniculatumAll. (2n = 28) ×Triticum aestivumL. (2n = 42)(Pyrotrix 28) were examined using random amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD) analysis. Line L-29 was obtained after first backcross of the initial hybrid with the wheat variety Pyrotrix 28 and ten subsequent self-pollinating generations. This line was represented by euploid plants with typical to the common wheat chromosome number (2n = 42), as well as by aneuploids, which contained an additional telocentric chromosome in the main karyotype (2n = 42 + t). Lines L-26 and L-27 were obtained by two backcrosses of one BC1 plant with the wheat variety Novosibirskaya 67 and one subsequent self-polination of one BC3 plant. Chromosome number in all these plants corresponded to 2n = 40 + 4t. RAPD analysis was carried out using seven primers, which were previously proved to be effective for identification of the barley genome fragments within hybrid genomes of alloplasmic lines. The presence of barley genome fragments in line L-29 was revealed by use of five primers, while in lines L-26 and L-27 these fragments were detected by use of one primer. The significant difference in the number of barley RAPD fragments in the genomes of alloplasmic lines obtained at different backcrossing stages suggests more intense displacement of barley genome during backcrossing compared to self-pollination in BC1 plants.
Russian Journal of Genetics – Springer Journals
Published: Oct 7, 2004
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