Childs Nerv Syst (2017) 33:1595–1598 DOI 10.1007/s00381-017-3453-7 CASE REPORT Radiologically occult medulloblastoma with hydrocephalus: case report 1 1 Hirokuni Honma & Hideki Ogiwara Received: 29 January 2017 /Accepted: 11 May 2017 /Published online: 29 May 2017 Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2017 Abstract Introduction Introduction There have been no reports of occult medulloblas- toma nor noncommunicating hydrocephalus due to radiologi- Medulloblastoma is the most common malignant pediatric cally occult brain tumors. Herein, we report radiologically oc- brain tumor and is a common cause of morbidity and death cult medulloblastoma with noncommunicating hydrocephalus. among pediatric patients. It is common for patients with me- Case report A 3-year-old boy presented with macrocephaly, dulloblastoma to present with noncommunicating hydroceph- visual field constriction, and papilledema. Neuroimagings alus due to an occlusion of the fourth ventricle or its outlets by showed enlargement of the ventricles without any mass le- the mass in the posterior fossa [1, 2]. It is also possible for sions. The CT cisternography did not show influx of the con- patients with medulloblastoma to present with communicating trast into the ventricles, which suggested local cerebrospinal hydrocephalus secondary to leptomeningeal metastases . fluid (CSF) circulatory disturbance at the outlet of the fourth Neuroimaging study
Child's Nervous System – Springer Journals
Published: May 29, 2017
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