Radio Propagation Model Considering Antenna Beam Tilt with Application to Small Cells

Radio Propagation Model Considering Antenna Beam Tilt with Application to Small Cells Antenna beam tilting techniques are commonly used to deploy small cells with reduced coverage compared than macrocells. This paper proposes a new statistical propagation model for small cells with electrical and mechanical antenna tilt. The proposed model combines the dual slope path loss model with the departure angle spread model for considering antenna beam tilt. The proposed departure angle spread model introduces a new parameter reflecting the azimuth spread of departure (ASD) angles in order to account for the change of transmit antenna gain by electrical and mechanical tilt. Through this approach, the antenna gain for each ray is separately computed by considering the transmit antenna beam pattern as well as the antenna beam tilt. We perform field tests to measure the receive signal power in the downlink of commercial Long-Term Evolution small cells with antenna tilt. Based on the measurement data, we find the statistically optimal ASD parameter using a grid search and calculate the antenna gain for each ray. Also, the overall transmit antenna gain is obtained by averaging antenna gains for multiple rays. To assess the accuracy of the proposed model, the estimation error is evaluated by comparing the measured receive signal power with the estimated value using a propagation model, and the performance of the proposed propagation model is compared with those of existing path loss models in terms of root mean square error deviation. Then, it is shown that the proposed model provides more accurate propagation estimation for small cells than existing models. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Wireless Personal Communications Springer Journals

Radio Propagation Model Considering Antenna Beam Tilt with Application to Small Cells

Loading next page...
 
/lp/springer_journal/radio-propagation-model-considering-antenna-beam-tilt-with-application-Ul0y05VoIv
Publisher
Springer US
Copyright
Copyright © 2017 by Springer Science+Business Media New York
Subject
Engineering; Communications Engineering, Networks; Signal,Image and Speech Processing; Computer Communication Networks
ISSN
0929-6212
eISSN
1572-834X
D.O.I.
10.1007/s11277-017-4027-4
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Antenna beam tilting techniques are commonly used to deploy small cells with reduced coverage compared than macrocells. This paper proposes a new statistical propagation model for small cells with electrical and mechanical antenna tilt. The proposed model combines the dual slope path loss model with the departure angle spread model for considering antenna beam tilt. The proposed departure angle spread model introduces a new parameter reflecting the azimuth spread of departure (ASD) angles in order to account for the change of transmit antenna gain by electrical and mechanical tilt. Through this approach, the antenna gain for each ray is separately computed by considering the transmit antenna beam pattern as well as the antenna beam tilt. We perform field tests to measure the receive signal power in the downlink of commercial Long-Term Evolution small cells with antenna tilt. Based on the measurement data, we find the statistically optimal ASD parameter using a grid search and calculate the antenna gain for each ray. Also, the overall transmit antenna gain is obtained by averaging antenna gains for multiple rays. To assess the accuracy of the proposed model, the estimation error is evaluated by comparing the measured receive signal power with the estimated value using a propagation model, and the performance of the proposed propagation model is compared with those of existing path loss models in terms of root mean square error deviation. Then, it is shown that the proposed model provides more accurate propagation estimation for small cells than existing models.

Journal

Wireless Personal CommunicationsSpringer Journals

Published: Feb 2, 2017

References

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Search

Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly

Organize

Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.

Access

Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

DeepDyve

Freelancer

DeepDyve

Pro

Price

FREE

$49/month
$360/year

Save searches from
Google Scholar,
PubMed

Create lists to
organize your research

Export lists, citations

Read DeepDyve articles

Abstract access only

Unlimited access to over
18 million full-text articles

Print

20 pages / month

PDF Discount

20% off