This study examined whether the well-established racial/ethnic differences in mental health service utilization among individuals with mental illness are reflected in the treatment utilization patterns of individuals experiencing both mental illness and substance use disorders, particularly in regards to the use of contemporaneous mental health and substance abuse treatment. Using pooled data from the National Survey on Drug Use and Health (2009–2013), the patterns of mental health and substance use treatment utilization of 8748 White, Black, or Latino individuals experiencing both mental illness and substance use disorders were analyzed. Multinomial logistic regression was conducted to test the relationships among racial/ethnic groups and the receipt of contemporaneous treatment, mental health treatment alone, and substance use treatment alone as compared with no treatment utilization. Results indicated that Black and Latino respondents were less likely to receive contemporaneous treatment than Whites respondents. Also, significantly associated with outcomes were several interactions between race/ethnicity and predisposing, need and enabling factors known to be associated with service utilization. The findings suggest that an underlying mechanism of racial/ethnic differences among individuals with co-occurring mental illness and substance use disorders in the treatment utilization may differ by the specific types of treatment and between Blacks and Latinos. Therefore, efforts to reduce these disparities should consider specialty in each treatment settings and heterogeneity within diverse racial/ethnic groups.
Psychiatric Quarterly – Springer Journals
Published: Jun 6, 2016
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