Rabbit Corneal Hydration and the Bicarbonate Pump

Rabbit Corneal Hydration and the Bicarbonate Pump Experiments were conducted on the transport properties of the rabbit corneal endothelium at 22 °C, at which temperature the endothelium was able to stabilize the hydration of corneal stroma at physiological values. When bicarbonate was omitted from the bathing solution, the cornea swelled at 11 ± 1 μm.h−1. The swelling was completely reversible upon the subsequent re-introduction of bicarbonate. Similar swelling rates were observed when the endothelial pump was irreversibly inhibited with ouabain. In an Ussing-type chamber, the endothelium developed an electrical resistance of 25.0 ± 1.0 Ω.cm2 and a short circuit current (s.c.c.) of 6.0 ± 1.1 μA.cm−2. Neither electrical resistance of the corneal endothelium nor its s.c.c. were changed significantly after exposure to 0.5 mM amiloride. Ouabain abolished the s.c.c. but had no significant effect on resistance. When paired preparations were short-circuited, the endothelium developed a net H[14C]O 3 − flux of 0.24 ± 0.03 μmoles.cm−2.h−1 into the aqueous humour, which was close in magnitude and direction to the s.c.c. of 0.22 ± 0.01 μEq.cm−2.h−1. There was no significant net flux of 86Rb (0.04 ± 0.03 μmoles.cm−2.h−1). Similar magnitude fluxes for both bicarbonate and rubidium were found with open-circuit preparations. It is suggested that a metabolically driven electrogenic bicarbonate current passing across the corneal endothelium is solely responsible for maintaining corneal hydration at 22 °C. Based on these and other studies, a model is proposed for active bicarbonate transport across corneal endothelium consisting of uphill entry into the cell through a baso-lateral membrane sodium/bicarbonate cotransporter (NBC) and downhill exit through an apical membrane anion channel. Studies on the transport properties of the endothelium at 35 °C are discussed and reasons suggested for the discrepancy between short circuit current and net bicarbonate flux at this closed eye temperature. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png The Journal of Membrane Biology Springer Journals

Rabbit Corneal Hydration and the Bicarbonate Pump

Loading next page...
 
/lp/springer_journal/rabbit-corneal-hydration-and-the-bicarbonate-pump-GPcXiI0eLY
Publisher
Springer-Verlag
Copyright
Copyright © 2004 by Springer Science+Business Media, Inc.
Subject
Life Sciences; Human Physiology; Biochemistry, general
ISSN
0022-2631
eISSN
1432-1424
D.O.I.
10.1007/s00232-004-0704-7
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Experiments were conducted on the transport properties of the rabbit corneal endothelium at 22 °C, at which temperature the endothelium was able to stabilize the hydration of corneal stroma at physiological values. When bicarbonate was omitted from the bathing solution, the cornea swelled at 11 ± 1 μm.h−1. The swelling was completely reversible upon the subsequent re-introduction of bicarbonate. Similar swelling rates were observed when the endothelial pump was irreversibly inhibited with ouabain. In an Ussing-type chamber, the endothelium developed an electrical resistance of 25.0 ± 1.0 Ω.cm2 and a short circuit current (s.c.c.) of 6.0 ± 1.1 μA.cm−2. Neither electrical resistance of the corneal endothelium nor its s.c.c. were changed significantly after exposure to 0.5 mM amiloride. Ouabain abolished the s.c.c. but had no significant effect on resistance. When paired preparations were short-circuited, the endothelium developed a net H[14C]O 3 − flux of 0.24 ± 0.03 μmoles.cm−2.h−1 into the aqueous humour, which was close in magnitude and direction to the s.c.c. of 0.22 ± 0.01 μEq.cm−2.h−1. There was no significant net flux of 86Rb (0.04 ± 0.03 μmoles.cm−2.h−1). Similar magnitude fluxes for both bicarbonate and rubidium were found with open-circuit preparations. It is suggested that a metabolically driven electrogenic bicarbonate current passing across the corneal endothelium is solely responsible for maintaining corneal hydration at 22 °C. Based on these and other studies, a model is proposed for active bicarbonate transport across corneal endothelium consisting of uphill entry into the cell through a baso-lateral membrane sodium/bicarbonate cotransporter (NBC) and downhill exit through an apical membrane anion channel. Studies on the transport properties of the endothelium at 35 °C are discussed and reasons suggested for the discrepancy between short circuit current and net bicarbonate flux at this closed eye temperature.

Journal

The Journal of Membrane BiologySpringer Journals

Published: Jan 1, 2004

References

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Search

Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly

Organize

Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.

Access

Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

DeepDyve

Freelancer

DeepDyve

Pro

Price

FREE

$49/month
$360/year

Save searches from
Google Scholar,
PubMed

Create lists to
organize your research

Export lists, citations

Read DeepDyve articles

Abstract access only

Unlimited access to over
18 million full-text articles

Print

20 pages / month

PDF Discount

20% off