Russian Journal of Marine Biology, Vol. 31, No. 3, 2005, p. 202. Original Russian Text Copyright © 2005 by Biologiya Morya, Timofeev. REVIEWS R.N. Burukovsky, Shrimps of the Family Nematocarcinidae, Kaliningrad: Kalinigrad. Gos. Tekhn. Univ., 2003, 250 pp. S. F. Timofeev Murmansk Marine Biological Institute, Kola Scientiﬁc Center, Russian Academy of Sciences The twentieth century has seen intensive studies of body of original previously unpublished data gathered the abyss of the World Ocean: the 1950s–1970s are the by the author over many years of research. Particular epoch of the RV Vityaz and study of the abyssal zone attention is paid to the reproduction processes (the scale and deep-water oceanic trenches; the 1970s–1990s of gonad maturity of Nematocarcinus species) and were marked by the discovery of the wonderful world feeding of shrimps. The author provides important data of geothermal ecosystems. However, the biotope corre- on the geographical and bathymetrical ranges of these sponding to the continental slope (bathyal), i.e., the crustaceans, although maps, which are unfortunately zone of transition between the shelf and vast expanses lacking in the book, would be very helpful. of oceanic valleys on the sea ﬂoor, has not been inves- The concluding section of the book is not only a tigated much. This is particularly true for moving summary, but also reﬂection of the author on general organisms that can avoid standard catching gear. problems of the biology, ecology, and distribution of Among such animals are shrimp: the biology, ecology, shrimps in the World Ocean. For example, shrimps of and even systematics of these bathyal decapod crusta- the genus Nematocarcinus are distributed in the bathyal ceans are inadequately known. zone almost worldwide, but why are they not found in This book by R.N. Burukovsky deals with bathyal the Arctic Ocean? Here, the author formulates another shrimp of the family Nematocarcinidae. This family problem designated as “the phenomenon of the genus includes three genera, two of which are monotypic; and Nematocarcinus,” namely, a narrow specialization for one genus was separated by the author of the mono- feeding on freshly captured detritus, which largely con- graph. Much attention is given to the genus Nemato- centrates on the continental slope, as well as the devel- carcinus consisting of 39 species. Nineteen species of opment of speciﬁc assemblages, like a consortium, this genus were redescribed by R.N. Burukovsky, and where detritus acts as an ediﬁcator. Without going into one species was described as new for science. detail, it should be noted that this problem is beyond the The main merit of this research is that in the revision scope of a genus, family, or even order and concerns the of the genus Nematocarcinus Burukovsky uses an entire population of the bathyal. important morphoanatomical feature found by him (“distoventral organ of the 6th segment of the abdo- The monograph by Burukovsky is undoubtedly of men”) along with traditional morphological characters. much interest to all marine carcinologists and a wide The book provides valuable information on the biol- range of marine biologists. Regrettably, the edition of ogy of common species of shrimps, primarily Nemato- the book is catastrophically small, only 70 copies. carcinus africanus Crosnier et Forest 1973, and a large Hopefully the second edition will come soon. 1063-0740/05/3103-0202 © 2005 Pleiades Publishing, Inc.
Russian Journal of Marine Biology – Springer Journals
Published: Jul 13, 2005
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