1063-0740/05/3103- © 2005 Pleiades Publishing, Inc.
Russian Journal of Marine Biology, Vol. 31, No. 3, 2005, p. 202.
Original Russian Text Copyright © 2005 by Biologiya Morya, Timofeev.
The twentieth century has seen intensive studies of
the abyss of the World Ocean: the 1950s–1970s are the
epoch of the RV
and study of the abyssal zone
and deep-water oceanic trenches; the 1970s–1990s
were marked by the discovery of the wonderful world
of geothermal ecosystems. However, the biotope corre-
sponding to the continental slope (bathyal), i.e., the
zone of transition between the shelf and vast expanses
of oceanic valleys on the sea ﬂoor, has not been inves-
tigated much. This is particularly true for moving
organisms that can avoid standard catching gear.
Among such animals are shrimp: the biology, ecology,
and even systematics of these bathyal decapod crusta-
ceans are inadequately known.
This book by R.N. Burukovsky deals with bathyal
shrimp of the family Nematocarcinidae. This family
includes three genera, two of which are monotypic; and
one genus was separated by the author of the mono-
graph. Much attention is given to the genus
consisting of 39 species. Nineteen species of
this genus were redescribed by R.N. Burukovsky, and
one species was described as new for science.
The main merit of this research is that in the revision
of the genus
Burukovsky uses an
important morphoanatomical feature found by him
(“distoventral organ of the 6th segment of the abdo-
men”) along with traditional morphological characters.
The book provides valuable information on the biol-
ogy of common species of shrimps, primarily
Crosnier et Forest 1973, and a large
body of original previously unpublished data gathered
by the author over many years of research. Particular
attention is paid to the reproduction processes (the scale
of gonad maturity of
feeding of shrimps. The author provides important data
on the geographical and bathymetrical ranges of these
crustaceans, although maps, which are unfortunately
lacking in the book, would be very helpful.
The concluding section of the book is not only a
summary, but also reﬂection of the author on general
problems of the biology, ecology, and distribution of
shrimps in the World Ocean. For example, shrimps of
are distributed in the bathyal
zone almost worldwide, but why are they not found in
the Arctic Ocean? Here, the author formulates another
problem designated as “the phenomenon of the genus
,” namely, a narrow specialization for
feeding on freshly captured detritus, which largely con-
centrates on the continental slope, as well as the devel-
opment of speciﬁc assemblages, like a consortium,
where detritus acts as an ediﬁcator. Without going into
detail, it should be noted that this problem is beyond the
scope of a genus, family, or even order and concerns the
entire population of the bathyal.
The monograph by Burukovsky is undoubtedly of
much interest to all marine carcinologists and a wide
range of marine biologists. Regrettably, the edition of
the book is catastrophically small, only 70 copies.
Hopefully the second edition will come soon.
Shrimps of the Family Nematocarcinidae
Kaliningrad: Kalinigrad. Gos. Tekhn. Univ., 2003, 250 pp.
S. F. Timofeev
Murmansk Marine Biological Institute,
Kola Scientiﬁc Center, Russian Academy of Sciences