Lexicon-based handwritten text keyword spotting (KWS) has proven to be a faster and more accurate alternative to lexicon-free methods. Nevertheless, since lexicon-based KWS relies on a predefined vocabulary, fixed in the training phase, it does not support queries involving out-of-vocabulary (OOV) keywords. In this paper, we outline previous work aimed at solving this problem and present a new approach based on smoothing the (null) scores of OOV keywords by means of the information provided by “similar” in-vocabulary words. Good results achieved using this approach are compared with previously published alternatives on different data sets.
Neural Computing and Applications – Springer Journals
Published: Feb 3, 2016
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