Quantum yields for sacrificial hydrogen generation from saccharides over a Pt-loaded TiO2 photocatalyst

Quantum yields for sacrificial hydrogen generation from saccharides over a Pt-loaded TiO2... Much attention is paid to sacrificial hydrogen generation from saccharides over a Pt-loaded titanium oxide (Pt/TiO2) from the viewpoint of being a renewable energy alternative to petroleum-based fuels. Here, monosaccharides such as glucose, gluconic acid, galactose, sorbose, fructose, mannose, and disaccharides such as sucrose and cellobiose as well as related compounds such as ascorbic acid and sugar alcohols (xylitol and sorbitol) were used as sacrificial agents (R–H) in order to determine quantum yields (Φ) for hydrogen evolution. From double-reciprocal plots of Φ to the concentration of R–H, we obtained the limiting quantum yield in an infinite concentration of R–H. The limiting quantum yields were determined to be of similar values (0.058–0.168) for monosaccharides. Moreover, the rate constant (k R) for the hydrogen abstraction by hydroxyl radical from saccharides were obtained from the double reciprocal plots. It was found that the k R value of glucose was larger compared to galactose, mannose, sorbose, and fructose, which were the stereo and structural isomers of glucose. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Research on Chemical Intermediates Springer Journals

Quantum yields for sacrificial hydrogen generation from saccharides over a Pt-loaded TiO2 photocatalyst

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Publisher
Springer Journals
Copyright
Copyright © 2015 by Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht
Subject
Chemistry; Catalysis; Physical Chemistry; Inorganic Chemistry
ISSN
0922-6168
eISSN
1568-5675
D.O.I.
10.1007/s11164-015-2253-5
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Much attention is paid to sacrificial hydrogen generation from saccharides over a Pt-loaded titanium oxide (Pt/TiO2) from the viewpoint of being a renewable energy alternative to petroleum-based fuels. Here, monosaccharides such as glucose, gluconic acid, galactose, sorbose, fructose, mannose, and disaccharides such as sucrose and cellobiose as well as related compounds such as ascorbic acid and sugar alcohols (xylitol and sorbitol) were used as sacrificial agents (R–H) in order to determine quantum yields (Φ) for hydrogen evolution. From double-reciprocal plots of Φ to the concentration of R–H, we obtained the limiting quantum yield in an infinite concentration of R–H. The limiting quantum yields were determined to be of similar values (0.058–0.168) for monosaccharides. Moreover, the rate constant (k R) for the hydrogen abstraction by hydroxyl radical from saccharides were obtained from the double reciprocal plots. It was found that the k R value of glucose was larger compared to galactose, mannose, sorbose, and fructose, which were the stereo and structural isomers of glucose.

Journal

Research on Chemical IntermediatesSpringer Journals

Published: Sep 12, 2015

References

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