A heterostructured AlN/AlxGa1−xN photocathode consisting of a sapphire substrate layer, a AlN buffer layer, and a graded bandgap emission layer is proposed to improve the quantum efficiency of AlGaN photocathode. The theoretical models for transmission-mode and reflection-mode photocathodes were deduced based on one-dimensional continuity equations to analyze the characteristics of the devices. Results show that the multilevel built-in electric field induced by the bandgap gradation in the emission layer can improve the quantum efficiency because of the longer electron diffusion length and the reduction of the back-interface recombination losses. The effect of thicknesses of photocathodes and Al composition in the sublayers on efficiency is discussed. This work would provide theoretical guidance for better performance of AlGaN photocathodes.
Journal of Materials Science: Materials in Electronics – Springer Journals
Published: May 28, 2018
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