A network of quantum gates designed to implement universal quantum cloning machine is studied. We analyze how thermal environment coupled to auxiliary qubits, ‘blank paper’ and ‘toner’ required at the preparation stage of copying, modifies an output fidelity of the cloner. Thermal environment is described in terms of the Markovian Davies theory. We show that such a cloning machine is not universal any more but its output is independent of at least a part of parameters of the environment. As a case study, we consider cloning of states in a six-state cryptography’s protocol. We also briefly discuss cloning of arbitrary input states.
Quantum Information Processing – Springer Journals
Published: Mar 1, 2016
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