Baseline erythroid indices are increasingly involved as risk factors for common complex diseases in humans. However, little is known about the genetic architecture of baseline erythroid traits in pigs. In this study, hematocrit (Hct), hemoglobin (Hgb), mean corpuscular hemoglobin (MCH), mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration (MCHC), mean corpuscular volume (MCV), red blood cell (RBC), and red cell distribution width (RDW) were measured in 1420 (day 18), 1410 (day 46), and 1033 (day 240) F2 pigs from a White Duroc × Erhualian intercross resource population. The entire resource population was genotyped for 183 microsatellite loci across the pig genome, and the quantitative trait loci (QTL) analysis was performed for all erythroid-related traits measured with QTL Express based on a least-squares method. A total of 101 QTL, including 46 genome-wide significant QTL and 55 chromosome-wide significant QTL, regulating erythroid traits were found on all pig chromosomes (SSC) except for SSC15 and SSC18. The genome-wide significant QTL were mainly localized on SSC1, 7, 8, 10, and X. These results confirmed most of QTL previously identified in the swine. More importantly, this study detected age-specific QTL for baseline erythroid traits in pigs for the first time. Notably, the QTL for MCV and MCH on day 18 on SSC8 with small intervals of 3 and 4 cM, respectively, provided a good starting point for identifying causal genes underlying MCV and MCH in the future.
Mammalian Genome – Springer Journals
Published: Oct 15, 2008
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